This study applied automatic classification using table of contents (TOC) text for 6,253 social science books from a newly arrived list collected by a university library. The k-nearest neighbors (kNN) algorithm was used as a classifier, and the ten divisions on the second level of the DDC’s main class 300 given to books by the library were used as classes (labels). The features used in this study were keywords extracted from titles and TOCs of the books. The TOCs were obtained through the OpenAPI from an Internet bookstore. As a result, it was found that the TOC features were good for improving both classification recall and precision. The TOC was shown to reduce the overfitting problem of imbalanced data with its rich features. Law and education have high topic specificity in the field of social sciences, so the only title features can bring good classification performance in these fields.
This study derives the main areas of information organization that should be covered in the formal curriculum of Library and Information Science, and suggests content elements for each area. Literature research, content analysis, survey and expert evaluation were conducted. Based upon these, information organization field was composed of four areas: information organization in general, classification, inventory, and practice, and a total of 31 content elements were presented. The content elements derived from each area through this study can be used as basic and helpful data when designing syllabus or teaching subjects in the field. In addition, it is possible to expand the content elements of each area of the information organization field through the research method used in this study. Finally, the results of this study will be used as basic materials when conducting the educational contents of information organization field.
Recently, the emphasis on self-directed learning and lifelong education is increasing the importance of school libraries in the curriculum. Accordingly, various studies have been conducted mainly from a structural, institutional and operational point of view. However, more research is necessary on the micro topics such as school library users’ autonomous intrinsic motivations in the sense that school libraries play key roles in autonomy-based self-directed education. This study aims at finding out what types of school library use motivations are more important and the degree to which the use motivations affect the school library service quality based on the self-determination theory. In addition, this study examines how the use motivations and the perceived service quality vary depending on the school grade of the library users. Based on a focus-group-interview pilot study, a questionnaire survey was administered on the effects of school library motivations on perceived library service quality to 588 students from 5 high schools and 2 middle schools in Seoul. When the service quality and its components, service affect, information control, and library as place were set as dependent variables, in all these four cases, intrinsic motivations were more significant than extrinsic motivations. In addition, when middle school students and high school students were selected as separate analysis target groups, the results of both analyses show that the higher the intrinsic motivations were, the higher the perceived service quality was. The contribution of this study is that it applies the self-determination theory to school library service, measures the influence of motivation type based on the theoretical basis, and focuses on micro aspects to improve school library services.
Until now, healing programs in libraries have provided services under the theme of reading therapy as part of the reading culture program. The purpose of this study is to suggest a way to revitalize healing programs in libraries. This study derives the types and themes of healing activities and analyzes the healing activities in libraries and similar institutions. As a result, first, the healing content to be treated varies depending on the subject, so it should be applied to the library in consideration of this. Therefore, a treatment program was proposed for infants and children (0-13 years), adolescents (14-19 years), adolescents (20-64 years), and old age (65 years and over). Second, it proposed a way to operate healing programs through linkage with institutions such as libraries and medical institutions that were shown as a result of analysis of the healing program.
With the rapid increase in information and the development of information technologies, the importance of information management is increasing for individuals. The study aimed to examine how the motivations or disturbance factors of personal information management affect college students. First, the motivation and disturbance factors of personal information management were derived through the analysis of previous studies, and the effects of these factors on information organization and information management activities were analyzed. For this purpose, an online questionnaire was conducted for college students at a university in Seoul and a total of 593 valid responses were analyzed. The study found that the motivations or disturbance factors of personal information management influenced personal information management behavior. The study extends the literature of personal information management by analyzing the information management behavior of individuals and identifying the factors influencing such behavior. Furthermore, the finding of the study suggests the practical implications that it is essential to provide personal information management education so that college students can manage personal information efficiently.
The court has the responsibility to determine the final interpretation of the law. The court hands down final decisions on personal disputes and conflicts between individuals and the state. Legal commentaries will stay true to their intention of providing diverse legal theories and enabling a unified legal interpretation only when law practitioners are allowed to discuss in depth laws, cases, and legal theories within the boundaries set by commentary authors. If law practitioners include the latest laws, cases, and legal theories as well as their opinions to existing commentaries in their judicial roles and legal studies, they will be able to obtain a unified legal interpretation without referring to other legal literature.
In the context of open science, data sharing and reuse are becoming important researchers’ activities. Among the discussions about data sharing and reuse, data journals and data papers shows visible results. Data journals are published in many academic fields, and the number of papers is increasing. Unlike the data itself, data papers contain activities that cite and receive citations, thus creating their own intellectual structures. This study analyzed 14 data journals indexed by Web of Science, 6,086 data papers and 84,908 cited references to examine the intellectual structure of data journals and data papers in academic community. Along with the author’s details, the co-citation analysis and bibliographic coupling analysis were visualized in network to identify the detailed subject areas. The results of the analysis show that the frequent authors, affiliated institutions, and countries are different from that of traditional journal papers. These results can be interpreted as mainly because the authors who can easily produce data publish data papers. In both co-citation and bibliographic analysis, analytical tools, databases, and genome composition were the main subtopic areas. The co-citation analysis resulted in nine clusters, with specific subject areas being water quality and climate. The bibliographic analysis consisted of a total of 27 components, and detailed subject areas such as ocean and atmosphere were identified in addition to water quality and climate. Notably, the subject areas of the social sciences have also emerged.
As data becomes more important, data literacy has recently emerged as an significant term. The purpose of this study is to design data literacy model based on digital humanities. To attain this end, data literacy model was designed by combining the main contents derived from the digital humanities education program with specific capabilities extracted from research related to data literacy. By applying the data literacy model, which is the result of this study, it will be applicable to the data literacy courses in universities, and I would like to propose a follow-up study to evaluate the effectiveness of data literacy in the future.
Recently, the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) announced new plan to reflect the KCI citation measures in journal evaluation. In principle, Journal evaluation should reflect each journals situation and characteristics through various indicators. In this study, three improvement plans were proposed by reviewing the announced journal evaluation plan of NRF. The first improvement is to consider the five-year IF as an additional citation measure; the second improvement is to allow flexible selection of the category level on which to rank journals; and the last improvement is to combine the previous two methods and apply them together. The improvement methods proposed in this study are expected to contribute to minimizing side effects of KCI journal evaluation.