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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

Vol.36 No.4

Yoo Kyung Jeong ; Jae-yu Ban pp.7-19 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.007
초록보기
Abstract

The aim of this study is to develop a technique for keyword extraction in Korean-Chinese text in the modern period. We considered a Korean morphological analyzer and a particle in classical Chinese as a possible method for this study. We applied our method to the journal “Sisachongbo,” employing proper-noun dictionaries and a list of stop words to extract index terms. The results show that our system achieved better performance than a Chinese morphological analyzer in terms of recall and precision. This study is the first research to develop an automatic indexing system in the traditional Korean-Chinese mixed text.

Youngji Shin ; Younghee Noh pp.21-52 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.021
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Abstract

This study focused on the domestic hospital libraries, the policies and support projects for them, and the current operation status of them. To this end, a list of hospital libraries was established and the operation status was investigated by conducting telephone interviews with 73 libraries collected. As a result, it was found that hospital libraries were established through support projects of other institutions (foundations, enterprises, etc.) rather than by the parent institutions, most of which were barely maintained except for certain actively operated ones. In terms of space, hospital libraries equipped with independent space were mostly operated on a small scale, and bookshelves were deployed in space for other purposes such as lounge and hallway. In terms of operation, a dedicated department or personnel for the library operation hardly existed, and more than half of them did not purchase additional books, simply maintaining the donated books at the time of the establishment. It was also shown that for services and programs, only booklending services are provided, except for a few libraries. Therefore, national policies and support will be needed to revitalize hospital libraries in the future, and the government needs to seek ways to continuously operate them through links with local representative libraries and public libraries.

Younghee Noh ; Rosa Chang pp.53-81 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.053
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Abstract

The 3rd Library Comprehensive Development Plan (2019-2023) of the Committee on Library and Information Policy under IFLA-UN 2030 Agenda emphasize the role of libraries in practicing social inclusion. At home and abroad, this is shedding new light on libraries as the public service institutions aimed at resolving information inequality. This study thus developed the information inequality measurement indicator optimized for libraries. For this purpose, FGI and Delphi technique were implemented as the verification stage of the expert group. As a result, the final indicators were derived in three evaluation areas, twelve evaluation items, and 30 evaluation indicators. Specifically, first, 3 evaluation items and 8 evaluation indicators were derived in the access evaluation area; second, 5 evaluation items and 12 evaluation indicators were derived in the competency evaluation area; and third, 4 evaluation items and 10 evaluation indicators were derived in the utilization evaluation area. This study is considered to be of great significance in that the information inequality measurement indicators optimized for libraries were developed, the first of its kind.

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Abstract

This study aims to suggest an effective method for the automatic classification of keywords with similar patterns by calculating pattern similarity of temporal data. For this, large scale news on the Web were collected and time series data composed of 120 time segments were built. To make training data set for the performance test of the proposed model, 440 representative keywords were manually classified according to 8 types of trend. This study introduces a Dynamic Time Warping(DTW) method which have been commonly used in the field of time series analytics, and proposes an application model, MA-DTW based on a Moving Average(MA) method which gives a good explanation on a tendency of trend curve. As a result of the automatic classification by a k-Nearest Neighbor(kNN) algorithm, Euclidean Distance(ED) and DTW showed 48.2% and 66.6% of maximum micro-averaged F1 score respectively, whereas the proposed model represented 74.3% of the best micro-averaged F1 score. In all respect of the comprehensive experiments, the suggested model outperformed the methods of ED and DTW.

Jisu Lee ; Hye-Eun Lee pp.107-128 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.107
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Abstract

This study examines cases of digital humanities education programs at universities, university libraries and digital humanities centers in the United States. As a result of the research, it was analyzed that the university-centered education program operates in conjunction with other departments to take courses related to humanities and digital technology in general. The digital humanities education program is not operated as a full degree program, but most programs are operated as graduate certificate programs, and it is required to require a graduate degree in library and information science and humanities in advance. Most of the digital humanities centers run educational programs centered on faculty and postdoctoral researchers in universities in connection with universities and university libraries to support the humanities scholars. Lastly, the university's digital humanities education program is operated in the form of research support for students and researchers of all majors. In addition, the content of the educational program focused on the practice for digital projects rather than theory. Empowering digital literacy and supporting digital technology-based research has become a new role for university libraries, which requires libraries to play a central role in digital humanities education.

Jin Ho Park ; Young Man Ko ; Hyun Soo Kim pp.129-159 https://doi.org/10.3743/kosim.pub.36.4.129001
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Abstract

The Purpose of this study is to develop an evaluation model for usability of research data service from the angles of evaluating usefulness of research data service itself and research data use experience-based usability. First, the various cases of evaluating usability of data services are examined and 4 rating scales and 20 measuring indicators for research data service are derived as a result of comparative analysis. In order to verify validity and reliability of the rating scale and the measuring indicators, the study conducted a survey of 164 potential research data users. KMO Bartlett Analysis was performed for validity test, and Principle Component Analysis and Verimax Rotating Method were used for component analysis on measuring indicators. The result shows that the 4 intrinsic rating scales satisfy the validity criteria of KMO Barlett; A single component was determined from component analysis, which verifies the validity of measuring indicators of the current rating scale. However, the result of 12 user experience-based measuring indicators analysis identified 2 components that are each classified as rating scale of utilization level and that of participation level. Cronbach’s alpha of all 6 rating scales was 0.6 or more for the overall scale.

Da Jeong Yi ; Yong Jeong Yi pp.161-181 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.161
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Abstract

People begin to recognize sexual orientation or gender identity in adolescence, and adolescents frequently use an accessible and anonymous anonymity knowledge retrieval community to explore sensitive health information about gender. This study attempted to observe their information search behavior based on questions and answers about adolescents’ gender identity in the knowledge retrieval community. First, we wanted to examine their information needs and to investigate what factors they preferred to answer by comparing the characteristics of the answers adopted with the non-adopted answers among the answers provided in the questions they shared. To this end, Naver, Korea’s representative knowledge search community. In Knowledge-iN, a total of 358 sets of data were analyzed, consisting of responses adopted over three years from January 2016 to December 2018. As a result, adolescents with concerns about gender identity demanded information about definition or confusion about gender identity. In the responses adopted by the users, the factors that gave empathy and positive feelings were higher than those that were not adopted, whereas the negative responses were higher in the unaccepted answers. This study is meaningful in that it analyzes the information needs and information search behaviors of adolescents with no established gender identity, expands the discussion in the information search field, and confirms cognitive and emotional models for information evaluation of health information users. Also, based on the research results, we propose practical implications for effective information services on gender identity that social media should provide to young people.

Ji-yeon Baek ; Hyo-Jung Oh pp.183-205 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.183
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Abstract

Among the various methods for identifying users’s information needs, Log analysis methods can realistically reflect the users’ actual search behavior and analyze the overall usage of most users. Based on the large quantity of query log big data obtained through the portal service of the National Archives of Korea, this study conducted an analysis by the information type and search result type in order to identify the users’ information needs. The Query log used in analysis were based on 1,571,547 query data collected over a total of 141 months from 2007 to December 2018, when the National Archives of Korea provided search services via the web. Furthermore, based on the analysis results, improvement methods were proposed to improve user search satisfaction. The results of this study could actually be used to improve and upgrade the National Archives of Korea search service.

Harim Seo ; Min Song pp.207-226 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.207
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Abstract

Depression is a serious psychological disease that is expected to afflict an increasing number of people. And studies on depression have been conducted in the context of social media because social media is a platform through which users often frankly express their emotions and often reveal their mental states. In this study, large amounts of Korean text were collected and analyzed to determine whether such data could be used to detect depression in users. This study analyzed data collected from Twitter users who had and did not have depressive tendencies between January 2016 and February 2019. The data for each user was separately analyzed before and after the appearance of depressive tendencies to see how their expression changed. In this study the data were analyzed through co-occurrence word analysis, topic modeling, and sentiment analysis. This study’s automated data collection method enabled analyses of data collected over a relatively long period of time. Also it compared the textual characteristics of users with depressive tendencies to those without depressive tendencies.

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Abstract

In early 2019, Korea passed the law that introduced data management plan policy similar to those adopted by national funding agencies in other countries. In anticipation of developing research data infrastructure and support services, this study analyzed Australia’s relevant policies and policy instruments. A number of face-to-face interviews with the experts at the national funding agency, a national research data agency and a number of research libraries, along with focused literature analysis. In Australia, the 2015 Public Data Policy is applied to research data from publicly funded research. Research data management and sharing is recommended but not required by the national funding agency it its policy documents. Australian National Data Service(ANDS), Australia’s national research data agency, is an important component of the national research infrastructure. ANDS plays a wide range of roles including research data platform development, education and training, policy support, and funding agency for small-scale R&D. Some of the Australian research libraries have developed in-house systems for research data storage and publishing. However, there is no significant demand for research data service as yet. Lessons learned include the following: ensuring transparency and predictability of research data policies, establishing a dedicated agency responsible for research data platform development and training, and cultivating data capabilities at research libraries.

Mi Ryung Kim ; Yoon Ju Roh ; Seonghun Kim pp.253-277 https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2019.36.4.253
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Abstract

In the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution, the importance of data is intensifying, but there are many cases where it is not easy to use data due to personal information protection. Although criminal justice information is expected to have various useful values such as crime prediction and prevention, scientific investigation of criminal investigations, and rationalization of sentencing, the use of criminal justice information is currently limited as a matter of legal interpretation related to privacy protection and criminal justice information. This study proposed to convert criminal justice information into ‘crime data’ and use it as big data through the structuralization and categorization of criminal justice information. And when using “crime data,” legal issues, value in use, considerations for data generation and use were verified by experts, and future strategic development plans were identified. Finally we found that ‘crime data’ seems to have solved the privacy problem, but it is necessary to specify in the criminal justice information related law and it is urgent to be organized in a standardized form for analysis to use big data. Future directions are to derive data elements, construct a dictionary thesaurus, define and classify personal sensitive information for data grading, and develop algorithms for shaping unstructured data.

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze and to demonstrate the research trends and intellectual structure in the field of catalog in the 2000s and 2010s through co-word analysis. The field of catalog had firmly established its own research area and Many differences were found in research trends and intellectual structures in the 2000s and 2010s. First, the average number of articles decreased by 4.2 in the 2010s compared to the 2000s, but the number of author keywords was not significantly different. Only 22.2% of keywords appeared more than three times in both periods, and 77.8% of keywords appeared more than three times in one period. Second, in terms of intellectual structure, the 2000s, represented by three-level clusters, formed a more complex network than the 2010s, represented by two-level clusters. Third, as a result of examining the changes in the characteristics of each cluster, there were some research topics with few changes, but many research topics were more actively progressed or subdivided, and decreased. The results of this study are meaningful in that they can visually grasp the intellectual structure along with the trend of the age of catalogue, and can prepare for related education and research by predicting the future.

Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management