The study examines the research trends of doctoral dissertations in Library Science and Information Science published in the U.S. for the last 5 years. Data collected from PQDT Global includes 1,016 doctoral dissertations containing “Library Science” or “Information Science” as subject headings, and keywords extracted from those dissertations were used for a network analysis, which helps identifying the intellectual structure of the dissertations. Also, the analysis using 103 subject heading keywords resulted in various centrality measures, including triangle betweenness centrality and nearest neighbor centrality, as well as 26 clusters of associated subject headings. The most frequently studied subjects include computer-related subjects, education-related subjects, and communication-related subjects, and a cluster with information science as the most central subject contains most of the computer-related keywords, while a cluster with library science as the most central subject contains many of the education-related keywords. Other related subjects include various user groups for user studies, and subjects related to information systems such as management, economics, geography, and biomedical engineering.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of Korean media on the topic of archives & records management based on time-series analysis. In this study, from January, 1999 to June, 2018, 4,680 news articles on archives & records management topics were extracted from BigKinds. In order to examine the characteristics of the media coverage on the archives & records management topic, this study was analyzed to the difference of the press coverage by period, subject, and type of the media. In addition, this study was conducted word-frequency based content analysis and semantic network analysis to investigate the content characteristics of media on the subject. Based on these results, this study was analyzed to the differences of media coverage by period, subject, and type of media. As a result, the news in the field of records management showed that there was a difference in the amount of news coverage and news contents by period, subject, and type of media. The amount of news coverage began to increase after the Presidential Records Management Act was enacted in 2007, and the largest amount of news was reported in 2013. Daily newspapers and financial newspapers reported the largest amount of news. As a result of analyzing news reports, during the first 10 years after 1999, news topics were formed around the issues arising from the application and diffusion process of the concept of archives & records management. However, since the enactment of the Presidential Records Management Act, archives & records management has become a major factor in political and social issues, and a large amount of political and social news has been reported.
The objectives of this study is to present a discovering process of interdisciplinary convergence technology using text mining of big data. For the convergence research of biotechnology(BT) and information communications technology (ICT), the following processes were performed. (1) Collecting sufficient meta data of research articles based on BT terminology list. (2) Generating intellectual structure of emerging technologies by using a Pathfinder network scaling algorithm. (3) Analyzing contents with topic modeling. Next three steps were also used to derive items of BT-ICT convergence technology. (4) Expanding BT terminology list into superior concepts of technology to obtain ICT-related information from BT. (5) Automatically collecting meta data of research articles of two fields by using OpenAPI service. (6) Analyzing contents of BT-ICT topic models. Our study proclaims the following findings. Firstly, terminology list can be an important knowledge base for discovering convergence technologies. Secondly, the analysis of a large quantity of literature requires text mining that facilitates the analysis by reducing the dimension of the data. The methodology we suggest here to process and analyze data is efficient to discover technologies with high possibility of interdisciplinary convergence.
In this study, we investigated the problems of existing e-journal subscriptions caused by open access of e-journals faced by university libraries. To solve these problems, we proposed an operational model for open access based subscription. The proposed operational model, which adapts the four concepts of subscription model, system, policy, and operation interpreted according to reality, applies open access on the premise of rational subscription of electronic journals. The proposed operational model was constructed based on national support, comprehensive operation, open access based model, and cooperation system. In particular, it emphasized the need for stable and continuous access to scholarly information through national support policy. The proposed operational model can be used as a basic data for the realization and research of open access in the domestic environment.
This study defined the name of records producing institution as the unique preferred form of access point which has same identification and same entity by using Standard Administration Code, and also described the name of records producing institution which has various name form as formal-name form of access point, which has same identification and same entity. This study make us be able to identify and access to all of the records that institution, has same identification and same entity, has produced. And the mechanic, I designed by ontology would make reinforce ‘the principle of provenance’ and ‘respect for orignal order’ and make user satisfy in useability of archives and expanded retrieval results.
Despite repeated efforts to develop a methodological foundation for assembling collaborative authority data in South Korea, issues such as the establishment of a standard authority model and standard authority construction as well as the reconfiguration of existing entities in authority building have prevented such research from generating a cooperative push for nation-wide authority data and progressing toward concrete implementation. The formulation of a collaborative and well-utilized collection of national authority data accordingly calls for 1) a practical approach to supporting both established authority data contributors and newly organized avenues of mutual participation in authority building, 2) committed involvement on the part of national institutions capable of providing the project with sustained assistance, and 3) a standard identification system which allows multiple organizations to merge their data. This study addresses the challenges of the current environment by taking stock of the key components necessary for the creation of collaborative authority data and using a Semantic Web-based interoperable VIVO ontology model to propose a viable national authority data framework.
The purpose of this study is to identify the status and also to develop improvement plans for the children and youth services of the public libraries. To determine the information service status and the librarians’ perceptions on the levels of services they provided, the 2016 Korean National Library Statistics System data and the survey results from the children and youth program librarians in the 108 public libraries were analyzed. The analysis revealed the problems such as lack of human resources and budget, shortage of space, and an inflexible program curriculum, which affect the program as a whole negatively. Five suggestions were made to remedy the problems. They are: 1) development of the new programs, which can interest the children and youth and motivate the sense of association among the program participants; 2) increase the number of the programs including the schools and other related organizations nearby region; 3) incorporating the new program formats to enhance the participation; 4) starting the new services explicitly targeted for the information-poor group of people; and 5) soliciting policy-level support for the libraries. In summary, this study made a few suggestions for the libraries ranging from planning the programs to requesting assistance from the national as well as the regional governments.
The role of archives and records centers is expanding, however many potential users are not aware of the importance of the records and archives. As a method to improve the archival information services to users, in this study, we developed chatbot that supports the interaction between the users and the archives and records centers. Thus we examined the specific development procedures and methods, analyzed user requests and questions of the archives and records center of Myongji university as a case, and conducted a logical structure design for chatbot development. After building the chatbot based on IBM Watson Conversation and Kakaotalk messenger, we were able to find how the chatbot interacted with the users through a pilot run. Based on the experience of developing information service chatbot, the implications related the introduction of the chatbot were suggested which include determination of the level of the chatbot, analysis of the user requests, selection of the tool for the chatbot, and syntax setting for the conversational interaction.
In order for school library to fully serve as a key educational element of a school, teachers’ positive perception on the library’s role is essential. Due to the lack of the perception, however, school libraries are not closely related to class activities in practice. Since teachers’ perception on school library has been regarded as an given environmental factor in the field of school libraries, alternatives for revitalizing school libraries proposed in previous studies were not effective in practice. We developed a hypothesis that activities in school libraries have a certain impact on the teachers’ perception, and tested the hypothesis and identified library factors to the perception in this study. Through a series of statistical analyses with the data from a questionnaire survey with teachers in elementary schools, we identified that the teachers perceived the library as non-curricular element, their perceptions were affected by the library. Consequently, the school library can influence the teachers’ perveption. This study has implications to explore practical alternatives to improve the teachers’ perception on school libraries by activities in school libraries.
The purpose of this study is to measure the outcomes of a program provided by a public library using the evaluation framework based on Logic Model. A reading program for children which was operated by a public library in Seoul was selected. The outcome evaluation was started with the analysis of the reading program process including planning, operation, and evaluation. Based on the analysis, a logic model framework for outcome evaluation was developed. For evaluation, user, bibliography, and circulation data were collected from the library KOLAS system. Additionally, the participant information were extracted from the final report drafted after the program. The research results show that the number of circulation of program participants was increased after the program. In addition, the range of reading topic was expanded. These findings indicate that the reading program is an effective program for promoting children’s reading habit and that outcome evaluation might be a valid tool to measure the effectiveness of public library programs.
As coming Senior-Shift age, senior users are regarded as one of the importance user groups in the library. This study is to find the usage patterns and needs of libraries and digital libraries by 152 seniors and to compare with young-old age (baby boom generation) and elderly age. As a result, total seniors visited regularly and preferred political & social, religion & philosophy, and history & geography. While the baby boom generation are using the economy & finance, art & culture compared to the older. And the baby boom generation visit for self-development and the older visit for leisure purposes. Secondly, If the search fails, the baby boomers control the results themselves, while the older is more turn to the librarians. It can be described as the need for a librarian exclusively responsible for the senior. Thirdly, senior have difficulties in access and use of search aided tools or functions. Therefore, this study suggested that it is necessary to build an intuitive interface using the help and menu descriptions for senior who have poor access to convenience and define functions.
The purpose of this study is to develop frameworks for evaluating reading programs for children provided by a public library. Logic Model based on outcome evaluations was applied for the framework development. While the logic model is generally composed of six factors, the frameworks developed in this study has four factors including input, activity, output, and outcome. Additionally, this study suggests outcome indicators which were driven from library data. Even though the evaluation frameworks were developed from specific programs operated by a public library, those might be able to be used to evaluate other libraries’ programs for children since the target programs are commonly provided by public libraries.