사회 전반적으로 협업의 중요성과 필요성이 강조되고 있으며, 연구자들의 협업 역시 증가하고 있다. 연구자의 협업에는 학자로서의 특성이 반영된다는 점에서 특이성을 가진다. 본 연구는 연구자 협업 패턴에 영향을 미치는 요인을 알아보기 위해 가설을 설정하고 이를 검증하였다. 영향 요인은 연구자들의 협업 행태 및 동기에 대한 선행연구를 토대로 추출하였으며, 계량정보학 분야 연구자들을 대상으로 네트워크 분석과 설문 분석의 두 가지 방법을 활용하여 가설을 검증하였다. 설문은 네트워크 분석에 포함된 연구자를 대상으로 한 웹 설문으로 진행하였다. 본 연구 결과는 연구자 인식 분석을 통한 개인적 선택 요인과 관계 계량정보학 분석을 통한 집단적 결과 요인을 분석했다는 점에서 의의가 있으며, 연구자 협업을 장려하는 정책 및 디지털 협업서비스 기획 등에 활용될 수 있을 것이라 기대된다.
The collaboration is becoming ever more widespread in scientific research. Unlike collaboration in other areas such as in a company, research collaboration has an unique feature that it is reflected by scholars’ characteristics. Based on previous studies on research collaboration, five major factors are identified. We propose five hypotheses from them and examine these by using both in-person questionnaire survey and relational bibliometric analysis. The survey analysis informs individual choice factors and the bibliometric analysis informs collective consequence factors. The results of this study may have implications for science policies and digital collaboration services.
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