This study proposes to identify digital library services applying cutting-edge technologies, and attempt to investigate the applicability of these technologies and services to domestic libraries. To this end, we reviewed main research which discusses next generation digital libraries, and examined thoroughly main technologies which can be applied to future libraries. As a result, the core technologies, concepts, and tools of the next generation of digital library are: cloud services, space for infinite creating (makerspace), big data, augmented reality, context-aware technologies, Google-glass, a revolutionary display technology, open linked-content-offering method, and so on. Specific cases of libraries already utilizing these technologies are also discussed.
The necessity of the raw data management and reuse is issued by diffusion of the recognition that research data is a national asset. In this paper, a metadata design model by schema class inheritance and a metadata integrated search model by schema objects are suggested for a structural management of the data. A data architecture in which an schema object has an 1：1 relation to the data collection was designed. A suggested model was testified by creation of a virtual schema class and objects which inherit the schema class. It showed the possibility of implement systematically. A suggested model can be used to manage the data which are produced by government agencies because schema inheritance and integrated search model present way to overcome the weak points of the ‘Top-dow Hierarchy model’ which is being used to design the metadata schema.
As co-authorship has been prevalent within science communities, counting the credit of co-authors appropriately is an important consideration, particularly in the context of identifying the knowledge structure of fields with author-based analysis. The purpose of this study is to compare the characteristics of co-author credit counting methods by utilizing correlations, multidimensional scaling, and pathfinder networks. To achieve this purpose, this study analyzed a dataset of 2,014 journal articles and 3,892 cited authors from the Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Planning & Design from 2003 to 2008 in the field of Architecture in Korea. In this study, six different methods of crediting co-authors are selected for comparative analyses. These methods are first-author counting (m1), straight full counting (m2), and fractional counting (m3), proportional counting with a total score of 1 (m4), proportional counting with a total score between 1 and 2 (m5), and first-author-weighted fractional counting (m6). As shown in the data analysis, m1 and m2 are found as extreme opposites, since m1 counts only first authors and m2 assigns all co-authors equally with a credit score of 1. With correlation and multidimensional scaling analyses, among five counting methods (from m2 to m6), a group of counting methods including m3, m4, and m5 are found to be relatively similar. When the knowledge structure is visualized with pathfinder network, the knowledge structure networks from different counting methods are differently presented due to the connections of individual links. In addition, the internal validity shows that first-author-weighted fractional counting (m6) might be considered a better method to author clustering. Findings demonstrate that different co-author counting methods influence the network results of knowledge structure and a better counting method is revealed for author clustering.
This study was to evaluate the quality of academic information services provided by Naver Academic Information Service, Google Scholar, and MS Academic Search. This academic information services were evaluated in terms of the contents, service, and effectiveness. 135 four year college students were recruited for the survey. The results showed that the Google Scholar in contents section had higher score than Naver and MS Academic Search. In regard to service, Google Scholar had higher score in retrieval section while Naver had higher score in design section respectively. Finally, both Google Scholar and Naver in the access section had higher score than MS Academic Search.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the current practices of the customized bibliographic instructions (CBI) at four-year academic libraries in Korea. Among the entire 206 academic libraries, a total of 149 libraries participated in the survey. Study result shows that the libraries providing CBI was 63.1%. The findings of the study revealed the overall picture of the CBI operated in Korean academic libraries. The findings of the study suggested useful strategies to apply in adopting and operating the CBI in academic libraries in Korea.
This study aims to investigate the importance of author keyword with analysis the position of author keyword in journal . In the first stage, an analysis was carried out on the position of author keyword. We examined the importance of author keyword by using degree centrality, closeness centrality, betweenness centrality, eigenvector centrality and effective size of structural hole. In the next stage, We performed analysis on correlation between network centrality measures and the position of author keyword. The result of correlation analysis on network centrality measures and the position of author keyword shows that there are the more significant areas of the result of the correlation analysis on degree centrality, betweenness centrality and the position of keyword. In addition, These results show that we need to consider that the possible way as measuring the importance of author keyword in journal is not only a term frequency but also degree centrality and betweenness centrality.
This study proposes to analyze the concept and introduction of infinite creative space (makerspace) to redefine the roles of existing library spaces. This study also attempts to formulate a suitable program for public library makerspaces by analyzing case studies. Literature review and case study methods are used for deriving the makerspace concept, the evolution of makerspace, the implications posed by makerspace operation domestically and abroad, and the utilization of makerspace. Finally, we suggest story creation programs, topic-based programs reflecting the library characteristics, professional mentoring programs, expert consulting programs, various training programs, patent application support programs, incubator programs, and so on.
This research aims to analyze empirically the effects of learners’ knowledge sourcing behavior on the knowledge utilization outcomes in a social learning community. This kind of virtual community is of service to users who not only produce but also share a variety of valuable knowledge which is created based on relationships and interactions among learners. In order to conduct the study, a group of learners was made of 55 undergraduate students who were majoring in social science. The data was collected by online survey at the end of the term and multiple regression methods have been used for empirical analysis. The study shows that dyadic knowledge sourcing and published knowledge sourcing both have significant effects on knowledge reuse and knowledge adaptation. In addition, knowledge adaptation and knowledge innovation were affected by group knowledge sourcing. The research results help to select appropriate knowledge sourcing behavior depending on one’s purpose of knowledge use.
This study examined librarians’ perceptions of Information Commons(I.C.), user’s information seeking behaviors, and new role of library in the digital ages. Interviews with 28 librarians found that the perceptions of the librarians were widely differed depending on their understandings of the nature of the space. The interview results were divided into three different categories of librarians: the librarians; 1) understanding library as a place only with academic functions, 2) library as academic place along with multi-cultural functions, and 3) library as open learning space with focus on creativity and discovery of users. The findings also indicated that all these perceptions are closely related to understanding of the role of library and its future development.