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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

대학도서관 사서의 조직몰입과 목표인식에 대한 연구: 질적 접근

A Study on Organizational Commitment and Goal Perception of University Librarians: A Qualitative Approach

정보관리학회지, (P)1013-0799; (E)2586-2073
2014, v.31 no.1, pp.251-275
https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2014.31.1.251
박자현 (연세대학교)
김기영 (연세대학교)

  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구는 대학도서관 사서의 조직몰입을 입체적으로 이해하고 이러한 조직몰입을 도서관 조직 차원에서 관리하는 방안을 검토하기 위하여 심층면담을 통해 사서의 조직몰입에 대한 원인을 살펴보고 조직몰입과 목표인식과의 관계를 질적으로 분석하였다. 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 다수의 연구참여자는 근무하는 도서관에 대한 조직몰입에 대해 현재의 도서관 상황에서는 조직몰입하기 어렵다고 응답하였다. 그 원인으로 물리적 보상, 조직분위기, 조직 내의 관계, 근무조건 등 위생요인의 불만족과 직무, 성취감, 책임감, 승진 등 동기유발요인이 만족되지 않음을 언급하였다. 따라서 조직몰입은 다양한 동기요인 및 근무환경의 복합적인 결과로 판단된다. 둘째, 조직목표에 대한 인식에 대해서, 긍정적인 목표인식은 직무만족, 성취감 등 동기요인 뿐만 아니라 물리적 보상에 대한 불만해소, 조직분위기, 동료관계에 대한 변화 등 위생요인과도 긍정적인 관계를 보였다. 이에 따라 사서의 도서관목표에 대한 인식은 조직몰입의 동기요인과 위생요인 충족과 관련이 있으며, 목표인식 개선을 통하여 사서의 조직몰입이 조직적으로 관리될 여지가 있는 것으로 파악되었으며, 향후, 이러한 결과를 기반으로 목표인식과 조직몰입의 관계에 대한 확증적 연구의 필요성을 제기하였다.

Abstract

This study conducted qualitative research to investigate the librarians’ organizational commitment and relations between the commitment and their goal recognition in the university library context with several open-ended, deep interviews with university librarians in order to understand the relations from diverse perspectives. As a result, many participants showed low level of organizational commitment because of their hygiene factors, such as payment, incentives, relations with colleagues, and job conditions as well as motivators including characteristics of the work, sense of accomplishment, responsibility, promotion, and self-improvement. The two factors are considered to have direct impacts on their organizational commitment. Also, the research revealed that positive goal perception was related to motivators and, at the same time, hygiene factors. Accordingly, we concluded that librarians’ perception of goals are closely related to both hygiene factors and motivators. We also identify that a need of a statistical study with a questionnaire survey to confirm the relations between the organizational commitment and goal perception for developing managerial measures for the organizational commitment, and further, for better library performance.

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