The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a measuring scale for the effect of reading programs for children. First, in literature review, the effects and children’s reading programs performance scales were analyzed, and then independent variables, dependent variables, and control variables for children’s reading achievements were defined. Second, survey questionnaires for children, librarians, program instructors, and heads of child centers were designed to measure dependent variables and control variables on the scale. Third, the questionnaires for children were distributed to 10 public libraries participating in <2013 The Reading with Library> programs for two times in the early and the late time of the programs. Also, the survey questionnaires of 30 librarians, program instructors, and heads of the child centers were carried. Finally, all of the data were collected and analyzed in time series, and the improvements for the scale were proposed.
This study aims to suggest several improvement strategies for the access and retrieval system of National Library of Korea Subject Headings (NLKSH). For this purpose, first of all, the access and retrieval systems in five selected subject headings were examined. Second, focus group interviews and system analysis were conducted to reveal the current condition and suggest the future development strategies. Third, IFLA’s Guidelines for Subject Access in National Bibliographies and FAST application cases were analyzed to suggest implications on the improvement strategies. Upon these analysis, recommendations for improving access and retrieval systems of the NLKSH were proposed in four areas as follows: functionalities, interfaces, queries, and other front-end features.
Combining makerspaces and library services is an innovative idea that could positively and radically change the library user experience. The Library Makerspace is able to offer users a different view of the world, and give them the opportunity to explore and imagine new possibilities which they can then create. Therefore, this study focused on analyzing real-world makerspace examples to create suggests for utilizing this trend. The roles and concepts of library makerspaces derived through this research are as follows: space for infinite creativity as social communication space, study areas, job searches, self-publishing, idea incubation, collaboration, equipment and utilization, storytelling, expert mentoring and consulting, and so on. The possibilities are endless, and allow for the development and expansion of the library.
It is necessary to find the practical considerations for applying RDA in building up the bibliographic records by importing RDA records from LC or OCLC in Korea. Especially, it is not easy to apply RDA appropriately because there are many alternatives and options in RDA. Therefore, this study is to grasp the way for applying RDA in building up the bibliographic records by reviewing LC RDA guidelines and analyzing RDA cataloging policies of libraries such as University of Chicago, North Carolina State University, and Standford University. As a result, these libraries have catalogued according to LC RDA guidelines and each library has its own guidelines, i.e., in statement of responsibilities, to transcribe all but exceptionally allow to transcribe only first, in publication statement, to use 264 field or 260 field, and in resource types, to transcribe all types of content, media and carrier or to transcribe 33X with GMD. Therefore followings would be considered for RDA application. First, some variations could be allowed for special situations of libraries in applying RDA and LC RDA guidelines. Second, the hybrid records that describe the core element of RDA to non-RDA records would be written in processing AACR2 to RDA. Third, the display of 33X field would be designed for expressing the resource types.
This paper carried out co-word analysis of noun and noun phrase using text-mining technique in order to grasp the research trends on domestic and international information science articles. It was conducted based on collected titles and articles of the papers published in the Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (KOSIM) and Journal of American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) from 1990 to 2013. By dividing whole period into five publication window, this paper was organized into the following processes: 1) analysis of high frequency co-word pair to examine the overall trends of both information science articles 2) analysis of each word appearing with high frequency keyword to grasp the detailed subject 3) focused network analysis of trend after 2010 when distinctively new keyword appeared. The result of the analysis shows that KOSIM has considerable portion of studies conducted regarding topics such as library, information service, information user and information organization. Whereas, JASIST has focused on studies regarding information retrieval, information user, web information, and bibliometrics.
To enhance its efficiency to improve organizations’ competitiveness, performance evaluation is vital and it influences budget, policies, and human resource affairs of the organizations. The study aims to develop performance indicators for National Library of Korea (NLK) and evaluate performance based on indicators driven. As a result, the study develops 2 viewpoints for each work area of NLK - management of information system, digital resources enlargement, and the cooperative utilization system for alternative materials. It also develops total 12 indicators. Based on the evaluation, the research finally suggests strategies for performance improvement by viewpoints for NLK.
While dCollections of Korea have been initiated by a government for metadata harvesting, institutional repositories of Japan have been managed as instituion’s independent tool for not only collectiong, archiving and distributing their intellecture assets, but also realizing open access. This study analyzes IRDB of Japanese statistically for understanding features of institutional repositories and by clustering the repository on the basis of types of contents, the differences have been brightened. According to analysis result, Japanese repository contains diverse types of contents, such as journal articles, scholarly papers, text books and technical reports. etc. and clustered by five distinguished group with different contents type.
The purpose of this study is to explain information usage behavior of researchers in the field of ocean science and technology. The study mainly collected primary data for advancement of special library services as well as establishment of personalized information services based on personal characteristics such as age, education level, and area of research. The data collection was conducted for two weeks during January 2014, through a web survey to 348 researchers in national ocean research institutions in South Korea. Total of 115 researchers replied. The analysis showed that the most preferred type of information medium was a scholarly journal. Researchers used more foreign published journals compared to Korean ones, while favoring digital formats rather than printed ones. The top channels for information collection were ‘web search’ and ‘affiliated libraries.’ Most pointed out difficulties of data collection were ‘lack of variety of digital resources in affiliated libraries’ and ‘reluctance to use charged information.’ Key elements for satisfactory user experience were ranked in the order of ‘digital library system,’ ‘library staff,’ and ‘library collection’ and so on, which proves the close relationship between library service and information usage service satisfaction. The result of an assessment for demands in special libraries showed that ‘personalized information search service,’ ‘project support service,’ and ‘research direction analysis service’ should be implemented in the future.
The purposes of this study are to analyze relevance judgement of college students’ problem solving process and suggest improvements for information literacy education in higher education. The in-depth interviews were conducted with 9 subjects to identify relevance judgement processes and problems. As a result, the main problems during relevance judgement processes were judgement about content of document aligned with subject’s opinion, judgement about reliability of newspaper articles, shortage of relevance judgement time due to deadline of an assignment and judgement of relationship of documents and evaluation result. The recommendations for information literacy education are as follows: objective relevance judgement education, guidance of reliable information source, showing guideline of using reference information by professor and emphasis of engaging in information (4.1 stage of Big 6).
This study aims to explore measures to help establish a management direction and policies of local public libraries based on local residents’ needs for library services based on the community characteristics. To that end, a community survey was conducted focusing on eight urbans (gus) and two rural districts (guns) in Incheon Metropolitan City. The districts were categorized into three types, original urban center (Area 1), new urban center (Area 2), and urban-rural complex (Area 3). The residents in each type were analyzed in terms of library use, awareness, needs, and satisfaction. In terms of library use, awareness, and satisfaction, we identified differences among the area types. This paper suggested management directions of local public libraries based on the community characteristics.
Due to the recent development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), the amount of research publications has increased exponentially. In response to this rapid growth, the demand of automated text processing methods has risen to deal with massive amount of text data. Biomedical text mining discovering hidden biological meanings and treatments from biomedical literatures becomes a pivotal methodology and it helps medical disciplines reduce the time and cost. Many researchers have conducted literature-based discovery studies to generate new hypotheses. However, existing approaches either require intensive manual process of during the procedures or a semi-automatic procedure to find and select biomedical entities. In addition, they had limitations of showing one dimension that is, the cause-and-effect relationship between two concepts. Thus, this study proposed a novel approach to discover various relationships among source and target concepts and their intermediate concepts by expanding intermediate concepts to multi-levels. This study provided distinct perspectives for literature-based discovery by not only discovering the meaningful relationship among concepts in biomedical literature through graph-based path interference but also being able to generate feasible new hypotheses.
This study conducted qualitative research to investigate the librarians’ organizational commitment and relations between the commitment and their goal recognition in the university library context with several open-ended, deep interviews with university librarians in order to understand the relations from diverse perspectives. As a result, many participants showed low level of organizational commitment because of their hygiene factors, such as payment, incentives, relations with colleagues, and job conditions as well as motivators including characteristics of the work, sense of accomplishment, responsibility, promotion, and self-improvement. The two factors are considered to have direct impacts on their organizational commitment. Also, the research revealed that positive goal perception was related to motivators and, at the same time, hygiene factors. Accordingly, we concluded that librarians’ perception of goals are closely related to both hygiene factors and motivators. We also identify that a need of a statistical study with a questionnaire survey to confirm the relations between the organizational commitment and goal perception for developing managerial measures for the organizational commitment, and further, for better library performance.
This study examined whether there is any difference in the public library patrons’ library uses depending on their participation in the educational and cultural programs of such libraries. Additional analysis was conducted to determine if the particular educational and cultural program participants’ showed any consistent library use patterns. The statistical analysis of such program offerings and the patron survey data resulted in the findings such as that there were statistically significant differences in how the patrons’ used the libraries, the number of library resources borrowed, and the frequency of library websites and/or mobile applications used based on their participation in the educational and cultural programs and also the types of programs that they attended.
The objective of this study is to analyse the college students’ Internet information activities and life satisfaction with their personality types. For this study, data were collected using self-designed questionnaire which included the items of college students’ demographic information, MBTI personality types, and their information activities of the Internet. Total of 480 data were collected and 102 valid data were analysed with the multiple regression using SPSS version 18.0. It was found that extraversion, sensing, thinking, and feeling types of college students were tend to show the higher of their life satisfaction through the online game; introversion, sensing, intuition, thinking, and feeling types of college students were tend to show the lower of their life satisfaction through the internet retrieval; and extraversion, intuition, and feeling types of college students were tend to show the lower of their life satisfaction through the smart-phone messenger use.