The study examines two aspects that relate to undergraduates’ selection and use of information sources for their academic assignments: (1) sources perceived useful vs. sources frequently used, and (2) source characteristics considered important as selection criteria vs. selection criteria used as reflected in characteristics of frequently used sources. A survey of 251 undergraduate students attempted to address the gaps between what students think they should do and what they actually do with regard to source selection. Characteristics of frequently used sources were analyzed to find out the criteria used for source selection. Friends/family were among the frequently used sources although they were not perceived as useful. Unlike other sources suffering gaps between the perceived usefulness and the use behavior, Web sources were the ones not only perceived most useful but also used most frequently. When the important selection criteria were compared with the characteristic of sources used often, students did not seem to actually use the selection criteria they thought important. While students considered some characteristics related to information quality (e.g., accuracy, comprehensiveness) as important criteria for source selection, the actual criteria they applied for choosing information sources could be described as ‘convenient’ or ‘accessible’ (e.g., efficient/time saving, easy to use, familiar, accessible). Based on the findings, suggestions were made to help bridge such gaps through information literacy programs and information systems design.
This study compared and analyzed 15 CBMR (Content-based Music Retrieval) systems accessible on the web in terms of DB size and type, query type, access point, input and output type, and search functions, with reviewing features of music information and techniques used for transforming or transcribing of music sources, extracting and segmenting melodies, extracting and indexing features of music, and matching algorithms for CBMR systems. Application of text information retrieval techniques such as inverted indexing, N-gram indexing, Boolean search, truncation, keyword and phrase search, normalization, filtering, browsing, exact matching, similarity measure using edit distance, sorting, etc. to enhancing the CBMR; effort for increasing DB size and usability; and problems in extracting melodies, deleting stop notes in queries, and using solfege as pitch information were found as the results of analysis.
The purposes of this study are to analyze and compare current state of subject directories of the health field in eight internet bookstores in domestic and abroad. A comparative analysis was carried out for KDC and DDC, using names of subdivisions within the health field of internet bookstore. Also, user interviews to find their information needs about the health field in internet bookstore were conducted. And then, based upon the findings, this study proposed a design principle and a new classification for the health field of internet bookstores. With evaluations of the experts from the field, a final classification schedule (1 class, 11 division, 60 subdivision, and 16 section) was suggested. The results of this study can be used for a foundation of classifying health resources efficiently in internet bookstores and other web sites.
In this study, we analyze the agenda setting and policy making process of the establishment of Gyeonggido Cyber Library, which has played an important role for development of public libraries in Gyeonggido since its launching, based on Kingdon’s policy streams model. According to the model, policy formation is described as the result from the convergence of the three streams, such as problem, policy and politics streams. When these streams converge on a specific time point, a policy window is created so that the issues become policy agenda. At this moment, policy entrepreneurs propose their alternatives, which have been prepared already, and try to pass it through the window. We identify coupling of the streams in the policy window and the role of policy entrepreneurs in the process of agenda setting and selection of alternatives of Gyeonggido Cyber Library policy. Suggestions are provided based on the analysis for public policy formation in public libraries domain.
The study analyzes mission statements of Library and Information Science schools in the United States. It aims to reveal identities of LIS by Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). The study examines the strategies or stereotypes of academic mission statements in LIS as a genre. Mission statements are analyzed using discourse analysis to find common ideology using agency, modality, and lexical analysis. A comparative analysis of two mission statements is also conducted within discursive practices to reveal characteristics of two schools. This study has value in that it provides implications for other ideological discussions applicable to LIS.
The aim of this study is to reveal a necessity of and a strategy for the integrated use and the single search across the visual arts resources. For this purpose, at first, analysis was made on the current situation of Korean visual art resource management and retrieval systems. Secondly, the single search methods and its related technological foundation in foreign art resource institutions were categorized and analysed. As a result, this study suggested foundation for creating a sustainable environment for collaboration and single search that enhance access to and use of art resources.
The purposes of this study are (1) to examine the relationships among attitude on SNS use, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and SNS use, (2) to analyze effect of SNS use on bonding network and bridging network, (3) to consider moderating effect of the gender on the relationship between SNS use and Social network. We conducted a survey for 20-30’s SNS user. The results of analysis using the Structural Equation Model(SEM) represent that attitude on SNS use, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control are significant determinants of the SNS use. SNS use affects bonding network and bridging network. An interesting result was observed that the gender had moderating effect on the relationship between SNS use and social network. Based on these results, we suggest theoretical and practical implications of this study.
Using user satisfaction surveys and LibQUAL+ instruments, libraries are increasingly gathering qualitative data such as verbatim user comments as well as quantitative data. Such qualitative data can be utilized as clues in establishing library service strategies: to better understand user issues, to identify areas for service improvement, and to prioritize user needs. For this, it is necessary to analyze user comments data and to apply results to the delivery of service and the library policies. This study is an attempt to investigate ways in which user comments data can be made useful in libraries. It identifies different methods of analyzing user comments data from LibQUAL+ surveys and compares qualitative data analysis software programs and taxonomies. It also presents the results of applying these tools to a subset of actual user comments data gathered from a recent LibQUAL+ survey at a major university library in Korea.
A number of studies and models have focused on collaborative information behavior (CIB) in various contexts as the importance of research on CIB is recognized in information behavior research. This study compared and analyzed the models of CIB developed by Prekop (2002), Reddy and Jansen (2008), Shah (2008), Karunakaran, Spence and Reddy (2010), and Yue and He (2010), and discussed the direction of future studies of CIB. The future research strategies for overcoming the limitation of previous studies and models on CIB are to extend research object and context, to do holistic research approach tracing complexity of CIB, and to debate and verify the models of CIB. In particular, it needs to modify and improve the models based on the empirical research for domestic context.
The purpose of this study is to reveal the influence of the expectation and perceived performance of the online science & technology information service quality on user satisfaction and royalty. To achieve this goal, we use the NDSLQual model to measure the quality of NDSL service. The results were as follows: First, among seven expectation factors, four factors (reliability, convenience, system usability and information quality) had a positive effect on the user satisfaction. Second, while service recovery had a negative effect on the royalty, the other six factors (reliability, convenience, system usability, responsiveness, security and information quality) had a positive effect on the royalty. Third, among seven perceived performance factors, three factors (reliability, convenience and information quality) had a positive effect on the user satisfaction. Fourth, among seven perceived performance factors, three factors (reliability, convenience and information quality) had a positive effect on the royalty. As a result, information quality, reliability and convenience of the expectation and perceived performance are common factors influencing user satisfaction and royalty.
This study analyzed the difference between the two situations to verify the effectiveness of the book selection by the subject professionals in a academic library. In this, some circulation statistics before and after introduction to subject specialists were compared. Moreover, by using Minitab and t-test, ANOVA among other statistical techniques, 186,435 books selected 3 years before September 2005 and after 3 years and 622,213 circulation statistics about those books in ‘S’ University Library were compared and analysed. The results were as follows: (1) After introduction to the subject librarian, the proportion of books selected by librarians were increased. (2) After introduction to subject reference librarian, the foreign books selected by the faculty and the librarians were statistically significantly increased. (3) By academic field, the academic fields of the books selected by the faculty were significantly increased, but the academic fields of the books selected by the students were significantly decreased.
The purpose of this study is to develop a collaborative print journal preservation model for the medical libraries in Korea. After reviewing previous studies and advanced preservation practices, a survey was administered to the members of the Korean Medical Library Association to collect data about the present states of journal weeding and storage space as well as their needs and preferences for collaborative preservation. Based on the analysis, a hybrid model, consisting of centralized and distributed archives, is proposed with MEDLIS as infra structure. Detailed characteristics and three phases of implement strategies are described. Finally, recommendations for the Korean Medical Library Association to the successful substantiation are suggested.
The purpose of this study is to examine the data coverage and citation threshold for analyzing SPLC(Search Path Link Count) as a main path of a historiograph of a certain topic in order to provide ‘core’ papers of global research trends to a researcher affiliated with a local R&D institution. 5 datasets were constructed by retrieving and collecting 2,318 articles on RGB LED on Web of Science published from 1990-2013 and 20,109 articles which cited these original 2,318. The SPLC analysis was performed on each dataset by increasing the threshold of citation counts, and the changes and resilience of the 28 extraced networks were compared. The results of user feedback on 198 unique core papers from 28 SPLC networks received from LED researchers affiliated with a Korean government-sponsored research institution were also analyzed. As a result, it is found that the nodes in each SPLC network in each dataset were differentiated by the citation counts, while the changes in the structure of SPLC networks were slight after the networks’ citation counts were set at 40. Additionally, the user feedback showed that personalized research interest generally matched to the global research trends identified by the SPLC analysis.
Anyone curious to easily access and learn Korean history has become interested in Korean history data bases, which will provide accurate and reliable historical information. Furthermore, user demands for information sharing and reusability, available through setting up a semantic web, have been increased, which have taken the shape of linked data. Efforts have been made to construct public data bases containing readily usable contents a user can understand and utilize with ease. They have been produced by several organizations, portal sites, and individuals, trying to deviate from existing mainstreams - expert-based text data bases. A problem with those data bases is that they have not considered such vital factors as the sharing and utilizing of information as a whole. This study suggests a LOD-based Korean history contents implementation system, providing rich information environment by way of multi-dimensional web-data connections. In doing so, this system has tried a historic information circulation service system which is based on information sharing and connecting.
Cinematographic works are crucial for libraries as a part of their collections. Especially public libraries provide a variety of programs associated with cinematographic works. Copyright law considers the use of cinematographic works as a type of public performance and restricted it under certain conditions such as the released date. In addition, copyright agency challenged libraries to pay fees for cinematographic works released within 6 months. At this point, this study investigated the perception of librarians on cinematographic works and copyright issues. 292 librarians in public and academic libraries answers the questionnaire form May 8th to June 7th, 2013. In result, librarians consider services of video works as a important part of library services. They are also conscious of the exception conditions for copyright law for cinematographic works provided by library services. Furthermore, even though librarians are aware of copyright issues, they show the negative response to copyright fees for playing cinematographic works in the libraries.