바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

과학기술분야 연구활동 단계별 문제상황 극복을 위한 정보행동 연구

Scientists' Information Behavior for Bridging the Gaps Encountered in the Process of the Scientific Research Lifecycle

정보관리학회지, (P)1013-0799; (E)2586-2073
2012, v.29 no.3, pp.99-122
https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2012.29.3.099
이정연 (Universitas Indonesia)
정은경 (이화여자대학교)
권나현 (명지대학교)

  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

본 연구는 과학기술분야 R&D 라이프사이클 각 단계 세부연구 목표를 달성하는 과정에서 이루어지는 정보행동(정보요구, 정보검색, 정보도구, 정보채널, 정보장애)을 과학기술커뮤니티 환경의 맥락에서 분석하였다. 이 연구는 의미형성이론, 일상생활정보탐색이론, 활동이론에 근거하여 과학기술자를 대상으로 질적 인터뷰연구를 통해 이루어졌으며, 연구결과 과학기술분야 R&D 라이프사이클 5단계는 14개의 세부 정보행동 단계로 이루어짐을 밝혀내었다. 과학기술 R&D 연구 세부단계별로 문제상황 극복을 위한 정보행동 규명은 연구자와 연구환경의 변화를 이해할 뿐만 아니라 향후 도서관 및 정보서비스 기관에서 과학기술 전주기적 정보서비스 전략을 수립하는데 기초자료로 활용될 것이다.

Abstract

This study analyzed scientists information behaviors when they engage in solving specific research problems in various situations throughout the entire scientific R&D lifecycle process. In-depth interviews with a total of 24 scientists were conducted in their research laboratories, the scientists’ everyday workplace and the contexts of scientific research. The theoretical and methodological frameworks employed for this study were Dervin’s Sense-making, Savolainen’s Everyday Life Information Seeking, and Engeström's Activity Theory. The findings of this study informed context-specific research and information behaviors of the scientists in the 14 sub stages of the five-stage of R&D lifecycle. Specifically, the study revealed the research objectives and related information behaviors (e.g., information needs, information seeking, information sources and channels, information barriers, etc.) to achieve the objectives at each sub-stage. The study results provided essential information to re-design the information services and strategies that accommodate the scientific R&D lifecycle.

참고문헌

1

권나현. (2012). 과학기술분야 R&D 전주기 연구 - 국내 생명 및 나노과학기술 연구자를 중심으로 -. 한국문헌정보학회지, 46(3), 103-131.

2

권나현. (2011). 국내 연구자 R&D 라이프사이클 조사. 한국과학기술정보연구원.

3

이승채. (1987). 물리학자들의 학술정보 이용과 전달에 관한 조사연구. 정보관리학회지, 4(1), 124-153.

4

이정연. (2008). 영화창작자의 정보활동모형 설계에 관한 질적 연구. 한국문헌정보학회지, 42(4), 417-439.

5

이준영. (2003). 국가 과학기술 연구자들의 정보이용행태 분석 (401-425). 한국기술혁신학회 학술대회 발표논문집.

6

Allen, D.. (2011). Working with activity theory : Context, technology, and information behavior. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(4), 776-788.

7

Dervin, B.. (1983). An overview of sense-making research : Concepts, methods, and results to date (-). International Communication Association Annual Meeting.

8

Dervin, B.. (1998). Sense-making theory and practice : An overview of user interests in knowledge seeking and use. Journal of Knowledge Management, 2(2), 36-46.

9

Engel, D.. (2011). The information seeking habits of engineering faculty. College and Research Libraries, 155, 548-567.

10

Engeström, Y.. (1999). Perspectives on activity theory, In Activity theory, transformation of work, and information systems design, Vol. 12:Cambridge University Press.

11

이지연. (2008). The Analysis of the Information Users' Needs and Information Seeking Behavior in the Field of Science and Technology. 정보관리학회지, 25(2), 127-141.

12

Niu, Xi. (2010). National study of information seeking behavior of academic researchers in the United States. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(5), 869-890.

13

Research Information Network and British Library. (2009). Patterns of information use and exchange: Case studies of researchers in the life sciences. http://rinarchive.jisc-collections.ac.uk/our-work/using-and-accessing-information-resources/patterns-information-use-and-exchange-case-studie.

14

Savolainen, R.. (1995). Everyday life information seeking : Approaching information seeking in the context of way of life. Library & Information Science Research, 17(3), 259-294.

15

Wilson, T. D.. (1981). On user studies and information needs. Journal of Documentation, 37(1), 3-15.

16

Wilson, T. D.. (2006). A re-examination of information seeking behaviour in the context of activity theory. Information Research, 11(4), 260-.

17

Wilson, T. D.. (2008). Activity theory and information seeking. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 42, 116-161.

정보관리학회지