Internet portals have been revolutionized not only as simple search engines but also as a new space for the Internet users. They have developed to give satisfying search results for academic information users. academic fields. However, their attention was given to the quantity rather than the quality of the results. This tendency is now changing. This study addresses the problems in the search process using the current portal sites and presents an integrated scholarly information service where users can access more organized and trustworthy information linked with online technical keyword dictionary. When a user enter a keyword on a portal site, he/she can access to high quality scholarly information resources linked with keyword. This could assure the user to get an expanded knowledge with confirmation.
This study is to compare the descriptive cataloging rules between AACR2 and RDA, and then to find a direction of future cataloging and KCR 4. RDA is new cataloging rules that embody the International Cataloging Principles(2009), FRBR and FRAD. It is a structure of bibliographic control of all kinds of resources, and the rules can be flexibly applicable in the international cataloging community. It is critical to embody RDA in KCR 4 because RDA is likely to affect the future cataloging through its collocation function and relation function to construct semantic web of OPAC. This study analyzed the descriptive rules of work, expression, and manifestation based on RDA draft(2008) of JSC for Development of RDA. It analyzed the changes in the cataloging rules from AACR2 to RDA in such descriptive areas as title, type of resources, statement of responsibility, edition, publication, physical description and series in the manifestation level, and the preferred access points in both expression and work levels. The findings of this study will provide implications in revising KCR4.
This study presents a contents model designed for business records that require long-term preservation. The contents model is based on the PREMIS(Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies) data model and the ISAD(G)(General International Standard Archival Description). The study selected the record collection of “the records of the overseas petroleum business and oil field development of A company located in B country.” This collection requires permanent preservations by the nation and even beyond. It was attempted to establish the concepts of intellectual objects in the PREMIS data model to apply the PREMIS data model to the business records specifically. In other words, the study established the principles for differentiation of the classes in the record contents and the hierarchy structure, and the hierarchy model was developed for business records contents to derive the business records model based on those principles.
The idea behind Open Source Software(OSS) that permits users to study, change, and improve, is similar to the spirit of the library that has been developed through cooperations and resource sharing rather than competition. OSS is regarded as an alternative, low-cost technical innovation based on librarian’s creative idea and standardized business process. Enthusiasm of the community is fundamental to successful installations and sustainable development. This study analyzed two community-based OSS ILS, namely KOHA and Next_L and suggested a future direction for domestic libraries. In the case of Korea, it is desirable for a library consortium to develop an OSS ILS for small- and medium-sized libraries. Most importantly, strong consensus about OSS ILS among the practiting librarians should be developed first.
Large-scaled information extraction plays an important role in advanced information retrieval as well as question answering and summarization. Information extraction can be defined as a process of converting unstructured documents into formalized, tabular information, which consists of named-entity recognition, terminology extraction, coreference resolution and relation extraction. Since all the elementary technologies have been studied independently so far, it is not trivial to integrate all the necessary processes of information extraction due to the diversity of their input/output formation approaches and operating environments. As a result, it is difficult to handle scientific documents to extract both named-entities and technical terms at once. In order to extract these entities automatically from scientific documents at once, we developed a framework for scientific core entity extraction which embraces all the pivotal language processors, named-entity recognizer and terminology extractor.
Library marketing receives an attention as one of the methods to vitalize library use and to improve the value of libraries. In this study, librarians' perceptions of library marketing and PR were surveyed. The study also examined various library marketing and PRs that are practiced by special libraries via their web sites. Research library web sites were analyzed using a analytic tool that is composed of four categories and 19 sub categories, which is derived from the previous literature. The four major categories include visibility, fundraising, & networking, information, and communication. The findings of the study offer some suggestions for Internet marketing strategies that can be applicable to digital libraries.
This study compared Author Profiling Analysis(APA) to Author Co-Citation Analysis (ACA). The former is a new analytic technique on the intellectual structure of a science whereas the latter is a traditional analytic technique. The purpose of this study was to propose appropriate methods to analyze intellectual structure of a science in the Korean research environment. In order to achieve the goal, this study adopted APA using Text Mining for analysis on the intellectual structure of a science rather than relying on citation index in order to determine a potential utility of the new analytic technique that can identify the intellectual structure.
The purpose of this paper is to suggest a pilot model of knowledge organizing system which reflects the knowledge structure of research papers, using a case analysis on the “Korean Research Memory” of the National Research Foundation of Korea. In this paper, knowledge structure of the research papers in humanities and social science is described and the function of the “Korean Research Memory” for scholarly sense-making is analysed. In order to suggest the pilot model of the knowledge organizing system, the study also analysed the relation between indexed keyword and knowledge structure of research papers in the Korean Research Memory. As a result, this paper suggests 24 axioms and 11 inference rules for an ontology based on semantic relation of the knowledge structure.
This study aims to analyse the necessity of the subject heading construction for the word based classification and to suggest a methodology that uses various knowledge organization systems(KOS). For this purpose, six kinds of KOS were collected for the 20 selected works in each subject. The collected subjects were analysed in terms of constructing a subject heading for the word based classification. The result of the analysis shows that there is a noticeable difference between the library oriented KOS and commercial oriented KOS. In addition, user oriented tags are more similar to the commercial sector's concerning subject categorization than the library oriented ones. However, there is no noticeable difference among the library oriented KOS, commercial sector oriented KOS, and user oriented tags regarding the subject vocabulary. Some practical implications were suggested for the application to the Korean libraries based on the findings of this study.
As public interests and demands on the library space and library goods increase, the role of librarians dealing with this issue has become more important. This research develops lists of core and non-core goods in space managements of public libraries, children's libraries, and school libraries. The lists will make the librarian's tasks effective and maximize user satisfaction. For public libraries, the space is divided into nine main areas, and a total of 80-90 goods(50-60 core and 20-30 non-core goods) are identified. The space of children's libraries is divided into four main areas(space for reading, books, entry, and special activities) with a list of 60-70 library goods(30 core and 30-40 non-core goods). School libraries consist of seven distinctive spaces, including spaces for books, multi-media, reading, and teaching, and it requires 90 goods in total(30-40 core and 50-60 non-core goods). The findings of this study can be utilized in listing up library goods. Further research should be conducted to develop such tools as guidelines, standards and manuals for space management.
This study attempts to investigate the current practice of electronic resources in the academic libraries and to explore the changes of paradigm in the organization of information. It reviewed how academic libraries have acquired and organized electronic resources. It also investigated the library home pages of 30 academic libraries in order to identify the category of electronic resources, metadata, and linkage methods with various material types such as printed resources and theses. To perform extended functions of library catalogs, it is essential for academic libraries to manage the metadata of various resources together and provide enhanced access and linkage of related resources.
The purpose of this study is to understand the acceptance of the electronic journals among undergraduate students. Using a survey questionnaire, this study collected the data collected from 813 students taking 11 courses offered in five different universities. The levels of electronic jounal and its service awareness appeared to be low as 63.7% and 59.9% respectively. Only 43.8% of the respondents report their experience of using Korean e-journals. There is a statistically significant difference in use among college groups and students' major of study. E-journals are mostly used off-campus and within the library, using simple search techniques. In spite of difficulties in search and gathering information, the satisfaction level marked above average. Reasons of nonuse are lack of opportunity and knowledge. However, 93.8% of nonusers report a willingness to use the e-journals in the future. LIS students show higher e-journal awareness and use experience compared to non-LIS students. Yet, the levels of using simple search techniques and satisfaction show little difference from those of the non-LIS students. The findings of the study suggest implications to promote the acceptance of e-journals among college students.
Business Intelligence(BI) is being used by the individuals who make decisions for management. Dashboard supports business intelligence by visualizing data, information, and knowledge so that they can be grasped at a glance. In this study, applications of dashboard were analyzed in the ARL libraries websites. Furthermore, the study suggested methods to establish and use the information system of the business intelligence and dashboard on the academic library websites in Korea. The findings of this study are expected to serve as the basic data to utilize the business intelligence and dashboard as a tool with which Korean academic libraries can demonstrate their value to the stakeholders in the academic community.
This study examines user satisfaction in public libraries nationwide. It analyzes service quality factors that affect user satisfaction of public library patrons and identify sub-factors of service quality that affect the overall user satisfaction. User satisfaction factors were developed to measure library satisfaction in all aspects of the library service. Six variables were identified, including volume of books, staff, programs, facilities, online services, and information availability. According to survey findings, general library satisfaction was strongly correlated with information availability, facilities, and staff. Relatively lower levels of satisfaction were identified in the areas of online services and programs. All six service quality factors were statistically significantly associated with user satisfaction, where information availability, facilities, and volume of books showed stronger associations than the other three factors.
Most metadata quality measurement employ simple techniques by counting error records. This study presents a new quantitative measurement of metadata quality using advanced weighting schemes in order to overcome the limitations of exiting measurement techniques. Entropy, user tasks, and usage statistics were used to calculate the weights. Integrated weights were presented by combining these weights and were applied to actual journal article metadata. Entropy weights were found to reflect the characteristics of the data itself. User tasks presented the required metadata elements to solve user's information need. Integrated weights showed balanced measures without being affected by the influence of error elements, This finding indicates the new method being suitable for quantitative measurement of metadata quality.