도서관계의 상황을 보면 대학도서관, 공공도서관, 전문도서관, 학교도서관 등 매우 다양한 유형의 도서관이 있고, 국가적인 차원 및 상업적인 차원의 정보유통기관이 있으며, 또 이를 지원하는 기관들 즉, 도서관자동화업체, 도서관관련 비품업체, 도서관관련 아웃소싱업체, 각종 데이터베이스 구축업체가 있다. 이러한 상황을 볼 때 문헌정보학을 전공한 사람들의 경력경로는 매우 다양해 질 수 있으며, 이로 인하여 사서인력의 유동성 및 경력이동률은 매우 높을 것이라는 것을 예측할 수 있다. 그러나 현재까지 도서관계의 특성 및 직업적 특성을 감안하여 사서인력의 유동성 실태나 이직률과 이직의 원인 등을 규명하는 연구는 거의 없다고 할 수 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 이를 위한 기초연구로 사서인력의 경력이동 및 경력개발 현황에 대해서 조사하고자 하였다. 사서의 경력개발 과정 분석을 통해 도서관계 및 관련분야에서 근무하고 있는 사람들의 직장이동 경로, 경력개발을 위한 노력, 경력이동 요인 등을 파악하고자 하였다.
Professions with librarianship can be found in various fields. It includes all different kinds of libraries, including academic, public, special, and school libraries. Moreover, there are national and commercial information distribution bodies, and other bodies supporting the national body such as library automation companies, library supply companies, and library outsourcing companies. Careers of those who have studied in library and information science could be developed in all these fields. High flexibility and labour turnover can be expected due to the wide range of career fields. Nevertheless, there have been very little studies reflecting the reasons of high level of turnovers and flexibility in librarian workforce. Therefore, this paper invastigates career movement and development of librarian as a foundation stone of further researches. It also analyzes career development process of librarians, including career paths of those working in libraries and other related areas, their efforts for career development, factors influencing their career movements.
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