The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of information resources of the humanities scholars in Korea and suggest the strategic planning of academic library and information services to serve their needs. To collect data, a mail survey was conducted during the period of November 2007 through January 2008. Out of 799 humanities scholars sampled from 25 universities, 132 responded with the completion rate of 16%. Major findings in this study are as follows: First, the majority of the humanities scholars distribute their time equally to research and education, and conduct independent research. Second, they still largely depend on print resources, including scholarly journals, books, and manuscripts for getting information, while using some online information resource mostly in text such as electronic documents and journals. They expect that the frequency of using such print resources would not decline much, but the use of online resources could definitely increase in the next five years. Some variances in the behavior were observed among the groups of scholars according to their research experiences. It is suggested that academic libraries (1) conduct more active outreach, (2) prioritize between traditional and electronic resources, (3) plan information literacy education for traditional resources.
IR(Institutional Repository) is an indispensable instrument for not only long time preservation of intellectual products but also for shifting commercial publishing company-dominated academic communication stream. In Korea, dCollection project of Ministry of education, science and technology has contributed on immediate, integrated circulation of distributed research products. dCollection is already one of the few integrating instrument for distributed academic resources, but it has not been university's voluntary instrument to announce their research accomplishments and to realize open access. On the other hand, Japanese government has promoted universities' IR operation through “Next generation infrastructure construction project.” Even though distributing speed is relatively low, each university made ripe operating skill by their selves and realize its own purpose. This study comparatively analyzed policy and current status of Institutional Repository in Korea and Japan from various viewpoints. And also it proposed directions of development about Korean Institutional Repositories.
The numbers of population, areas, possessions, employees, operational budget, users, and circulated books in Korea Library Yearbook were collected for the purpose of analyzing the status of information disparity through libraries among four large regional groups in Korea in this paper. They were the main indicators of four types of libraries such as public, academic, special, and school ones. The collected data were classified into four regional groups, and were analyzed by using the comparisons of means such as t-test and ANOVA, and correlation coefficient if there is any significant differences among them or not.
In this paper, we propose user contents using behavior and location information on contents on various channels, such as web, IPTV, for contents distribution. With methods to build user and contents profiles, contents using behavior as an implicit user feedback was applied into machine learning procedure for updating user profiles and contents preference. In machine learning procedure, contents-based and collaborative filtering methods were used to analyze user's contents preference. This study proposes contents location information on web sites for final recommendation contents as well. Finally, we refer to a generalized recommender system for personalization. With those methods, more effective and accurate recommendation service can be possible.
On Dec 1, 2008, according to the special law for the information disclosure of education relevant institutes, the educational information of each university is opened at their homepages and at portal web sites. Every university, thus, is in the moment to set up strategies to consistently respond to following information disclosure as well as the one already disclosed. The strategy should contain the assurance of the basic accountability mechanism of the university. On the occasion of the public announcement of the university information, the present study has a purpose to examine the structure of the university accountability and to suggest a mechanism, which is necessary for effectively and efficiently executing the increasing accountability practices in disclosing and announcing the information. To meet the purpose, this study introduces how to redesign university jobs as practices focused on evidence information for the accountability and also suggests solutions how to improve the mechanism for the accountability responsibility, which include clarifying the roles and responsibilities for accountability jobs, revising the process of information disclosure and building the information systems for an accountability.
E-mail became the universal communication means today that is widely used socially. It is being used as an important communication means in a problem about interchange and commerce with foreign countries as well as exchange of opinions within public agency and in relationship with other institution, corporation or organization. Also, in the trend of pointing to digital government, e-mail is becoming the primary means of contacting with the people. However, our country is not recognizing e-mail as official record yet, and is not offering any guideline for managing e-mail. E-mail is one form in electronic record, and needs to be acquired and managed as record given having been used for public service. It is essential to prescribe meta-data elements necessary for acquisition and management. Accordingly, the final purpose of this study is to offer the foundation in the e-mail record management of our country, by suggesting meta-data elements that will need to be secured when acquiring e-mail record.
The purpose of this study is to identify interdisciplinarity among eight research areas based upon the correlations between researchers' department affiliations and research areas. More specifically, eight research areas and their sub-areas, 153 sub-areas with researchers' department affiliations were analyzed in terms of Pearson correlation analyses. The findings demonstrated that there was interdisciplinarity between Social Science and Multiple Science Areas, Social Science and Medical & Pharmaceutical Area, Natural Science and Medical & Pharmaceutical Area, and Medical & Pharmaceutical Area and Agricultural Science.
This study is aimed to develop standard metadata model and develop elements and present the importance of oral history archives that contrast with literature history. The study analyzed standard metadata description elements that can express contents and forms of oral history archives as information. Furthermore, it designed Project, Management, Record, and metadata modeling as a Related record domain for the sake of building digital oral archives. Finally, the study gave shape to real oral history archives based on basic elements, details, and design principles of division elements.
The purpose of this study is aimed to clarify the usefulness of meta search system using Open API of library online catalog by constructing OPAC-based search system using Open API of library online catalog and meta search system using Open API of library online catalog, and comparing the usability of the two experimental search systems. As for usability, on the whole, it was higher in meta search system using Open API of library online catalog than OPAC-based search system using Open API of library online catalog, and there was statistically significant difference. Therefore, if libraries share and use enriched content which is provided through Open API for book search, which is opened by Internet bookstores, search engines and Web portals, it is expected that it will be helpful in enhancing bibliographic data, expanding subject access point, empowering subject search ability, extending meta search service, improving book availability, and reducing catalog cost.
We propose semantic model that is possible to apply for the bibliographic metadata of domestic digital library by analysing bibliographic metadata models like MARC, DC, MODS, JeromeDL's metadata model MarcOnt as the representative case of semantic digital library and FRBR model as the conceptual model.
In South Korea the records management system nationwide has been developed based on ‘the Act on public agencies’ records management’ which was first enacted in 1999. Furthermore, ‘the Act on public records management 2006’ has shifted a paradigm of records management to the digital records world. In this context, the records management standard, KS X ISO 15489 has a profound significance. Based on the principle of that there should not be any conflict between nationwide records management laws and standard, this study explores a meaning of the standard and discusses contradictive elements between the laws and standard. On the basis of the main contents of the standard's five categories, the study analyzes the laws in comparison with the standard. As a result, the study provides remedies for the current records management law and discusses a prospect of records management strategies in the 21st Century.
The Korean Librarian Association was established in 1990 for the professionalization of the librarian in Korea. So far there has been no research with the association as a main subject in spite of its importance in the history of Korean Libraries. In this study, we attempt to investigate the meaning and the importance of the association from the view point of professionalism. As a professional association, the Korean Librarian Association tried to get professional autonomy from the governing bodies and the market to reach higher level in professionalization. But the activities of the association has been radically declined since 1997, which would be affected by the character of librarianship that is mainly based not on individual characteristics but on organitzational characteristics.
This study aims to clearly understand ‘Functional Requisite of Authority Data(FRAD)’ being studied by IFLA focused on aspect of change from FRAR. In addition, it has established relationship between FRAD and concerned rules by analyzing effect of FRAD on RDA and MARC21 and reviewed cataloguing rules, format and situations of major authority DB implementations concerned about domestic authority controls in reflection of IFLA’s activities for authority control. Based on the analysis, it has looked into considerations for domestic authority controls standards such as access control methods, expansion of application scope, introduction of new approaches such as entity-relationship model, reinforcement of roles for national bibliographic agency. These study results would be utilized as basic data for authority control.
The news pages provided through the web contain unnecessary information. This causes low performance and inefficiency of the news processing system. In this study, news content extraction methods, which are based on sentence identification and block-level tags news web pages, was suggested. To obtain optimal performance, combinations of these methods were applied. The results showed good performance when using an extraction method which applied the sentence identification and eliminated hyperlink text from web pages. Moreover, this method showed better results when combined with the extraction method which used block-level. Extraction methods, which used sentence identification, were effective for raising the extraction recall ratio.
The purpose of this study is to find methods for utilizing digital room in public library and its efficient operation by analyzing the status quo of the digital rooms in public libraries, which had been built nation-widely about 5 years ago. It is found that it is urgent to supplement and improve the infrastructure of them. It is also required to build multi-functional digital rooms and an integrated operational system for digital rooms. Implementation of an integrated operational system, first of all, for applicable sections of digital room may be the best alternative. The multi-functional digital rooms can be built, which, in addition to its traditional function, can include a variety of original information resources and function of information creation using application programs, as well as functions such as education, information services, online/offline community creation, and activating information sharing. In the future, the digital rooms in public libraries must play a significant role as online/offline spaces, which are not the places for use and access to internet information resource, but for information/knowledge sharing and collaborative activities. It also must provide a communication channel between librarians and users as well as among users themselves.
The purpose of this study is to apply the evidence-based library and information practice(EBLIP) in Korean librarianship with analysis of concepts and research method on EBLIP. EBLIP seeks to improve library practice by utilising the best available evidence in conjunction with a pragmatic perspective developed from working experiences in librarianship. The EBLIP focused on the medicine library, however, it is spread to academic, special, school library. EBLIP process can be described through its five stage: formulate a question, find evidence, critically appraise the evidence, apply results of appraisal, evaluate change, redefine problem. It provides a standardized methodology of systematic review, which is a best evidence in EBLIP and is a new mixed research method.
National Institue of Korean History(NIKH) is the major collecting organization of manuscripts, records for historical research and develops a Collecting Manuscripts Management System. Manuscripts description conforms to records management system, such as provenance information and hierarchical catalog records and business process observes library management system because it is not the public records. Goal system is integrated system containing both. This study proposes development of Collecting Historical Manuscripts Management System in the NIKH and the aspects to achieve successful system operation.