The National Library of Korea is administering a legal deposit system for the printed- publications. Whereas, OASIS(Online Archiving & Searching Internet Sources) has to design a system to collect, manage and preserve web sites and web resources for Web Archiving. The purpose of this study is to develop a digital deposit process for digital resources. As a result, this study defines the subjects and objects for digital deposits, and describes the definitions and the functions according to digital deposit steps. Also, this study designs the data flow diagram and proposes the function definitions on unit works and the structure for the flow of information.
The research was conducted to investigate factors that facilitate users’ finding books by analyzing classifications in public library and bookstore. This research was based on the assumption that the users’ needs and information behaviors are similar in both public library and bookstore. The main purpose of this study is not to recommend classifying public library collections the way a bookstore does, but to figure out what makes the users’ book finding more convenient by analyzing the classifications. To carry out the research, users’ book finding in public library and classifications of public library and bookstore are analyzed. Then, a survey was conducted to investigate users’ book finding behaviors, degree of convenience in finding books according to different classifications and the causes of the convenience. The results of the research showed that bookstore’s classification was more convenient for the users in finding books.
Currently be proceeded a lot of researchers for ‘user information demand description' for interface of an information retrieval system or Web search engines, but user information demand description for a natural language form is a difficult situation. These reasons are as they cannot provide the semantic similarity that an information retrieval model can be completely satisfied with variety regarding an information demand expression and semantic relevance for user information description. Therefore, this study using the description logic that is a knowledge representation base of OWL and a vector model-based weight between concept, and to be able to satisfy variety regarding an information demand expression and semantic relevance proposes a decision way for perfect assistances of user information demand description. The experiment results by proposed method, semantic similarity of a polyseme and a synonym showed with excellent performance in decision.
The purposes of this study are to examine the factors influencing the user satisfaction of knowledge management system(KMS) and the influence of the user satisfaction on the performance, and to search the strategies for effective KMS operating. The results of covariance structural analyses indicate that the factors-knowledge quality and KMS quality significantly influence the user satisfaction. User satisfaction also significantly affects the performance. Based on the results, this study discusses the potential implications for the strategies of KMS implementing to improve the user satisfaction and performance.
The purpose of this paper is to develop standardized metadata elements of e-mail records with respect to international standards based on analyzing the Australian Government Email Metadata Standard(AGEMS) elements and Korean Records Management Metadata Standard including e-mail records. To achieve the goal, we investigated and analyzed ISO15489 and ISO 23081 which are the international standard related to records and metadata of records. Second, a case study related to the features of e-mail records produced in public institutions in Korea was performed. Third, we made a comparative study of Australian Government Email Metadata Standard(AGEMS). With the results, we proposed mandatory and optional metadata elements for managing e-mail records. Also, the DTD of proposed metadata elements were developed. The proposed metadata elements of e-mail was applied to e-mails which were produced from a administrative information system of a local government in Korea.
Recently, as its growth and popularization, the Web is changed into the place where people express, share and debate their opinions rather than the space of information seeking. Accordingly, the needs for searching opinions expressed in the Web are also increasing. However, it is difficult to meet these needs by using a classical information retrieval system that only concerns the relevance between the user's query and documents. Instead, a more advanced system that captures subjective information through documents is required. The proposed system effectively retrieves opinionated documents by utilizing an existing information retrieval system. This paper proposes a kind of hybrid method which can utilize both a dictionary-based opinion analysis technique and a machine learning based opinion analysis technique. Experimental results show that the proposed method is effective in improving the performance.
The purposes of the study are to design a key-frame extraction algorithm for constructing the virtual storyboard surrogates and to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm. To do this, first, the theoretical framework was built by conducting two tasks. One is to investigate the previous studies on relevance and image recognition and classification. Second is to conduct an experiment in order to identify their frames recognition pattern of 20 participants. As a result, the key-frame extraction algorithm was constructed. Then the efficiency of proposed algorithm(hybrid method) was evaluated by conducting an experiment using 42 participants. In the experiment, the proposed algorithm was compared to the random method where key-frames were extracted simply at an interval of few seconds(or minutes) in terms of accuracy in summarizing or indexing a video. Finally, ways to utilize the proposed algorithm in digital libraries and Internet environment were suggested.
Our limited understanding of real-life music information queries is an impediment to developing music information retrieval (MIR) systems that meet the needs of real users. This study aims to contribute to developing a theorized understanding of how people seek music information by an empirical investigation of real-life queries, in particular, focusing on the accuracy of user-provided information and users' uncertainty expressions. This study found that much of users' information is inaccurate; users made various syntactic and semantic errors in providing this information. Despite these inaccuracies and uncertainties, many queries were successful in eliciting correct answers. A theory from pragmatics is suggested as a partial explanation for the unexpected success of inaccurate queries.
This study is aiming to develop an evaluation model considering electronic journal's properties and terms of subscription. As the first step to develop an evaluation model, this study analyzed features of electronic journals and various terms of subscription through reviewing literature. Second, it developed the evaluation model for electronic journals by using proper evaluation indicators which were extracted from previous studies on the evaluation journals and considering the terms of ScienceDirect subscription. Third, this evaluation model was applied to the 99 journals in the field of mechanical engineering in ScienceDirect. As a result of the evaluation, it was found out that there were variations in the value of journals between in 2000 and 2007. Some implications regarding e-journal subscription were also added.
The Internet is now an integral part of the everyday lives of a majority of people. Web users are demanding web sites that offer credible information. This study tired to comprehensively extract the factors that affect the perception web credibility based on preceding researches and develop of indicators for evaluating the web credibility by goodness-fit analysis. I modified more than 100 factors which presented by preceding researches to 28 factors, and allocated these factors into the hierarchical categories like followings; trustworthiness, expertness, safety are categorized as first level factors, trustfulness and reputation are placed to sub-factors of trustworthiness, usefulness, timeliness and competency to sub-factors of expertness, security and reliability to sub-factors of safety as second level factors. Finally this study developed evaluating indicators for web credibility by goodness-of fit analysis.
The success of social networking sites (SNSs) may depend on many factors. Continuance use of SNSs is one of these. Especially, in the Web environment where users can leave one service with a single mouse click, maintaining existing members cost much time and efforts. Without continuance use of SNSs, SNS-based service would not create any value. This study focused on identifying factors influencing users’ continuance intention in SNSs. Based on relevant literature review, six influencing factors were initially identified. They were reputation, relational capital, knowledge quality, compatibility, personalization, and satisfaction. Web-based ques- tionnaire survey was conducted and a total of 325 usable responses were collected. Reliability test and two rounds of exploratory factor analyses resulted in identifying five factors. The relationship between the factors and the continuance intention was tested by using multiple regression analyses. The analyses revealed that satisfaction was the most significant factor. Knowledge quality and relational capital also had significant effects while reputation and personalization did not have significant effect on continuance intention. Instead, reputation and personalization showed significance in influencing satisfaction.
This study investigates an event detection method with the aim of generating an event-focused news summary from a set of news articles on a certain event using a multi-document summarization technique. The event detection method first classifies news articles into the event related topic categories by employing a SVM classifier and then creates event clusters containing news articles on an event by a modified single pass clustering algorithm. The clustering algorithm applies a time penalty function as well as cluster partitioning to enhance the clustering performance. It was found that the event detection method proposed in this study showed a satisfactory performance in terms of both the F-measure and the detection cost.
This study is to develope a user-based economic valuation methodology and model for the economic analysis on the DDS of foreign journals. For this study, the sampling data on the annual subscribed journals by K institution was used and the online questionnaire was used to collect data. There are three aspects of the economic value of DDS journals was classified as use value, non-use value, and expectancy value. We suggested the income and market approach to measure its economic use value. To estimate the its value by individual users, this study applied a contingent valuation method and designed the imaginary scenarios.
This paper evaluated the collection development of the Korean collection at the A university over the several decade. Compared against the ACRL standard Formula A, the result demonstrated that the Korean library collection is still needed to increase Korean collection to support Korean-related program and Korean community in the area. When we share western language materials in the library as the same area studies resources, we can evaluate Korean studies collection as Level B. Comparison with similar institutions (ARL comparisons) shows that the collection is the middle among 15 universities which provide Korean programs. The situation for Korean resources at the A university is needed to get more support from Korean institutes and Korean societies to keep up with the Korean collection for academics and regional community users as well.
In this study, we testify that network structural attributes of a citation network can explain other aspects of journal citation behaviors and the importances of journals. And we also testify various citation impact indicators of journals including JIF and h-index to verify the difference among them especially focused on their ability to explain an institution's local features of citation behaviors. An institutional citation network is derived using the articles published in 2006-2007 by biotechnology faculties of Y University. And various journal citation impact indicators including JIF, SJR, h-index, EigenFactor, JII are gathered from different service sites such as Web of Science, SCImago, EigenFactor.com, Journal-Ranking.com. As a results, we can explain the institution's 5 research domains with inter-citation network. And we find that the co-citation network structural features can show explanations on the patterns of institutional journal citation behavior different from the simple cited frequency of the institution or patterns based on general citation indicators. Also We find that journal ranks with various citation indicators have differences and it implies that total-based indices, average-based indices, and hybrid index(h-index) explain different aspects of journal citation pattern. We also reveal that the coverage of citation DB doesn't be a matter in the journal ranking. Analyzing the citation networks derived from an institution's research outputs can be a useful and effective method in developing several library services.
NTIS(National Science & Technology Information Service) provides the information for domestic research projects. It in particular has several classification schemes to classify research projects and provide better retrieval and analysis services. It however is difficult to understand the characteristic of a research project clearly since only a classification in a classification scheme can be chosen about a research project. Moreover, the classification scheme covers the high-level classification for every research areas so that it cannot cover the area specialized to the oriental medicines. On the other hand, the classification schemes for oriental medicines have recently been studied in oriental medicine field. However, it also covers the high-level classification for oriental medicine so that it may not suit to a classification scheme for research projects. Therefore, in this paper we propose a classification scheme to understand clearly the characteristic of research projects in oriental medicine and use to use them to retrieval and analysis services.
The main purposes of this study are to construct a Korean science network from journal contributions data of Korean researchers, and to analyze the structure and characteristics of the network. First of all, the association matrix of 140 scholarly domains are calculated based on the number of contributions in common journals, and then the Pathfinder network algorithm is applied to those matrix. The resulting network has several hubs such as ‘Biology’, ‘Korean Language & Linguistics’, ‘Physics’, etc. The entropy formula and several centrality measures for the weighted networks are adopted to identify the centralities and interdisciplinarity of each scholarly domain. In particular, the date hubs, which have several weak links, are successively distinguished by local and global triangle betweenness centrality measures.
This study is to present cooperative instructional concept framework for the library-based instruction of teacher-librarians, based on ‘Information and the Library’ curriculum and instructional design procedure. The development of cooperative instructional units has been initiated in the school libraries, but the research based on instructional theories, including instructional design, is lacking. In this aspect, instructional theories and methodologies for the cooperative instruction of teacher-librarians are important. The cooperative instructional units for teacher-librarians should be developed by ‘Information and the Library’ curriculum and instructional design procedures. The objectives of the curriculum emphasize information use process based on information task. This study is to present cooperative instructional concept framework, and to help teacher-librarians develop specific cooperative instructional units based on the framework.