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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

Vol.24 No.4

초록보기
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to provide successive online community operational model in response to the world wide open access movement which supports the broadest possible access to published research and other scholarly writings. This study is divided into four areas in a large. First, this study reviewed general community, online community and open access movement. Second, well-known online scholarly community, i.e., KISTI Society, BRIC, DSpace were analyzed precisely focusing on the administrative and functional factors to find key to success. Third, based on the above two studies, major functions of community services were identified. For this work, community service functions and participation will were asked to the researchers registered in Korea Research Foundation. According to the results of the above works, this study presents the important functions of online community services as follows: management function of research results, posting function of issue reports, and provision function of integrated information on research proposal should be provided preferentially to researchers aged 30s and 40s.

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Abstract

The fundamental issue of information retrieval in the Internet-based society is closely interrelated with the characteristics of language selected. The McCune-Reischauer Romanization system is not only considered as the international standard for romanizing Korean language, it is also familiar to the majority of the Korean material users internationally. McCune-Reischauer system is adopted by the ISO, UNGEGN, ALA, LC, British PCGN, BL, and the relevant agencies in Europe, Canada and Australia etc. Encouraging for switching to the new Romanization system(2000) would result in complications among the library's catalogs and online databases, causing confusion for both staffs and readers. This paper analysed that the international efforts and rules for Romanizing Korean language materials and recommended direction for bibliographical issues.

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Abstract

This study is designed to assess whether storyboard surrogates are useful enough to be utilized for indexing sources as well as for metadata elements using 12 sample videos and 14 participants. Study shows that first, the match rates of index terms and summaries are significantly different according to video types, which means storyboard surrogates are especially useful for the type of videos of conveying their meanings mainly through images. Second, participants could assign subject keywords and summaries to digital video, sacrificing a little loss of full video clips' match rates. Moreover, the match rate of index terms (0.45) is higher than that of summaries (0.40). This means storyboard surrogates could be more useful for indexing videos rather than summarizing them. The study suggests that 1)storyboard surrogates can be used as sources for indexing and abstracting digital videos; 2) using storyboard surrogates along with other metadata elements (e.g., text-based abstracts) can be more useful for users' relevance judgement; and 3)storyboard surrogates can be utilized as match sources of image-based queries. Finally, in order to improve storyboard surrogates quality, this study proposes future studies: constructing key frame extraction algorithms and designing key frame arrangement models.

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Abstract

In this study, the characteristics of scholarly communication through the Web and scientific journals are explored, and scholarly communication patterns in two scientific disciplines are compared to reveal the difference. Economics and Computer Science-Information Systems are selected as two disciplines to be analyzed. In the data collection process, 10 keywords are extracted from a database for each subject field, and scholarly Web pages and journal articles related to these keywords are collected and analyzed. Our investigation includes the characteristics of scholarly Web pages, Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis of co-linked Web pages as well as co-cited journal articles, and changes in the scholarly communication activities occurring on the Web and in scientific journals respectively over time. We found certain differences as well as common features in scholarly communication patterns between the Web and scientific journals for both fields of Economics and Computer Science. We also found that scholarly communication occurring on the Web displays unique features for each subtopic within the same field of study.

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This study is about the copyright policies by Korean government and the revision of the article 31 library exemption provision in the Copyright Act of Korea for noncommercial scholarly works considering through cases of copyright disputes occurred in Korea during the 2005~2007. This study proposes that works not for sale including thesis should be exempted from the copyright compensation in the article 31(5) in the Copyright Act of Korea based on the properties of noncommercial scholarly works and the regulations on works for not for sale in the current Korean copyright act. Also, this study reports that the copyright trust of scholarly articles by the copyright trust management agency is illegal in part and the government which has a duty to direct it has to control the illegal actions. Finally, this study proposes that noncommercial scholarly works such as thesis and scientific articles are to be open access and Korean government should develop open policies for them.

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This study analyzed the difference of learning efficiency by using information media applications for undergraduate students. The survey samples for research were 106 and the results showed significant by simple regulation analysis on computer applications and information media applications with t=2.990(p=0.003), sig=0.05 and on information media applications and learning efficiency with t=41.758(p=0.000), sig=0.05. Otherwise, the result showed no significant on computer applications and learning efficiency with t=-1.756(p=0.082), sig=0.05. As a result, this study provided basic materials on more effective teaching methods than a class using information applications. As providing facts to be consider a class using information media this study found to be new directions on effective information education and teaching methods.

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Abstract

As interior and exterior environments change rapidly with the modern IT technology, the strategies related to marketing activities which enhance the library competition have been demanded. Although many previous studies have been conducted to improve the satisfaction of the library users and to increase the use rate, only few studies focused on the marketing strategy to elevate the library performance. With suggestion of a systematic framework related to the strategies, this study aims to analyze not only the interior and exterior factors which impact on the library marketing strategies, but the strategies which may influence on its performance. To achieve this objective, we adopted a comprehensive survey targeting the various types of our domestic libraries. On the basis of the results, we proposed a guideline for the strategy operation for the librarians to enhance the library performance.

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Abstract

This study suggests that improvement of theses and dissertations retrieval can be made by applying appropriate academic department classification. We applied the Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training(KRIVET)'s department classification to these and dissertations being serviced by Korea Education & Research Information Service(KERIS). The results show that the chosen classification appropriately represents diverse academic department information contained in the theses and dissertations either published or used within the recent three year period. The study also makes a number of suggestions that will facilitate the application of an academic department classification to a live system.

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Abstract

By measuring satisfaction index of the users of Information System, it is possible not only to estimate ROI(Return on Investment) but also to draw the device for the efficiency and improvement of the System. This study tries to give User Satisfaction Index Model for the System, and present operators and managers of the system with the method for improving satisfaction and efficiency by measuring the User Satisfaction Index of representative information systems. For this, the survey was carried out for the representative information systems. On the basis of the analysis, Satisfaction Index was drawn and through Matrix Analysis, the strategy for system improvement was derived.

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Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine the relationships between usability and the searching experience, and to uncover where an integrated cataloging and metadata system lay the usability problems of its primary users, catalogers. This study showed that the most important aspect of usability in Connexion lay in the experience of information retrieval system. Also, it showed there are seventeen usability problems to be improved in Connexion. Needless to say, it is most important to note that usability is not an exclusive goal of such an integrated cataloging and metadata system. Other goals such as quality of catalogs, and the reliability of its cataloging and metadata system are equally its concern. This study also suggested more testing on diverse cataloging systems and specific user groups, especially catalogers.

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This paper contains an analysis of the methods that have been used to achieve or improve interoperability among metadata and discuss the possibilities and limits of semantic interoperability among metadata using crosswalk. After that a semantic metadata mapping process which is able to maximize the interoperability among metadata is suggested. The methodology consists of four steps such as identifying metadata schema, finding common data element concepts(DECs), grouping attributes by the DECs, and mapping into a table. An experimental application of the process was performed onto two human resource information metadata standards developed in Korea.

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Abstract

In order to solve the problems of the digital library's Interoperability and integrated management, we analyzed core technologies for interoperability in digital library in terms of information creation, organization, service. And then we proposed information technology reference model that is composed of 7 scopes. The proposed scope included 1)Metadata Management, 2)Library Services, 3)Service Integration 4)Service Management, 5)Open Interface, 6)Network, 7)Architecture. Those results can be used as a framework for developing interoperable digital library system.

초록보기
Abstract

This study is designed to assess whether storyboard surrogates are useful enough to be utilized for indexing sources as well as for metadata elements using 12 sample videos and 14 participants. Study shows that first, the match rates of index terms and summaries are significantly different according to video types, which means storyboard surrogates are especially useful for the type of videos of conveying their meanings mainly through images. Second, participants could assign subject keywords and summaries to digital video, sacrificing a little loss of full video clips' match rates. Moreover, the match rate of index terms (0.45) is higher than that of summaries (0.40). This means storyboard surrogates could be more useful for indexing videos rather than summarizing them. The study suggests that 1)storyboard surrogates can be used as sources for indexing and abstracting digital videos; 2) using storyboard surrogates along with other metadata elements (e.g., text-based abstracts) can be more useful for users' relevance judgement; and 3)storyboard surrogates can be utilized as match sources of image-based queries. Finally, in order to improve storyboard surrogates quality, this study proposes future studies: constructing key frame extraction algorithms and designing key frame arrangement models.

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Abstract

In this study, measures of distributional similarity such as KL-divergence are applied to cluster documents instead of traditional cosine measure, which is the most prevalent vector similarity measure for document clustering. Three variations of KL-divergence are investigated; Jansen-Shannon divergence, symmetric skew divergence, and minimum skew divergence. In order to verify the contribution of distributional similarities to document clustering, two experiments are designed and carried out on three test collections. In the first experiment the clustering performances of the three divergence measures are compared to that of cosine measure. The result showed that minimum skew divergence outperformed the other divergence measures as well as cosine measure. In the second experiment second-order distributional similarities are calculated with Pearson correlation coefficient from the first-order similarity matrixes. From the result of the second experiment, second-order distributional similarities were found to improve the overall performance of document clustering. These results suggest that minimum skew divergence must be selected as document vector similarity measure when considering both time and accuracy, and second-order similarity is a good choice for considering clustering accuracy only.

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This study aims to explore a new technique making complementary linkage between controlled vocabularies and uncontrolled vocabularies for analyzing a research domain. Co-word analysis can be largely divided into two based on the types of vocabulary used: controlled and uncontrolled. In the case of using controlled vocabulary, data sparseness and indexer effect are inherent drawbacks. On the other case, word selection by the author's perspective and word ambiguity. To complement each other, we suggest a descriptor profiling that represents descriptors(controlled vocabulary) as the co-occurrence with words from the text(uncontrolled vocabulary). Applying the profiling to the domain of information science implies that this method can complement each other by reducing the inherent shortcoming of the controlled and uncontrolled vocabulary.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine whether the information resources referenced by human indexers during indexing process are effective on Text Categorization. More specifically, information resources from bibliographic information as well as full text information were explored in the context of a typical scientific journal article data set. The experiment results pointed out that information resources such as citation, source title, and title were not significantly different with full text. Whereas keyword was found to be significantly different with full text. The findings of this study identify that information resources referenced by human indexers can be considered good candidates for text categorization for automatic subject term assignment.

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to move the initiative of children's electronic books from portal sites to libraries and to help improving libraries' information services through their systematic study. The present use state of an e-book site for children that is currently serviced by A-academic library was mainly analyzed for the study. The desirable acquisition policies were also suggested for the activation of the juvenile e-book services for libraries.

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Abstract

Community colleges are key constituents of higher education in Korea, along with four-year universities. The number of community colleges in Korea also holds significance. However, the main focus of the Master Plan for Library Development decisively lies in university libraries, with little consideration to the poor condition of community college libraries. This study aims to identify problems of community college libraries by conducting a document research on their current standing and, based on that, to present six policy proposals for government support. They are a) to develop library collections based on the school specialty, b) to build theme-oriented libraries, c) to facilitate cooperation between community college libraries, d) to reinforce capacities for library service, e) to improve legal status of community college libraries and develop an evaluation index, f) and to estimate demand and evaluate service quality.

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Abstract

Unicode Han ideograph character set differed from the our principle of the phonetic value ordering in that it followed the principle of KangXi radical-stroke ordering of the characters. Therefore, information system should support ideograph search on precise analysis of materials which consist of korean character (hangul) and ideograph character (hanja). History Information system has been maintaining Hanja(Chinese Character) to Hangul Dictionary, Terminology Dictionary for composition, borrowing, non-ideographic principles, Variant Forms Dictionary, and Recently discovered Chinese Characters List.

Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management