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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

Vol.24 No.1

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Abstract

With the environmental changes around libraries and information center, they need to develop various management techniques and apply them to library works and services. In this research, a case study was conducted in a special library of IT company. This study was aimed for reducing ineffective components and unnecessary processes in library works and services. This study applied the Six sigma technique to improve the process of purchasing overseas academic and strategic information and users' a degree of satisfaction on information service. Specifically, this study used the five-step DMAIC(Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control) method, mainly used in the manufacturing sector. As a result of this study, we could get epoch-making improvement.

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This paper presents a model of Task-Ontology for small unit operations(SUO) such as non-government organizations. Despite the rapid development and extension of NGOs in domestic area, most has insufficient structural domain resources in existence and underestimates the importance of information management. To improve the citizen's participation and to activate the conjoint actions among the NGOs, which are critical to its social role-playing in global society, the modeling Task-Ontology is ultimately intended to implement the knowledge management system of NGO. In the perspective of ontology competency, not only the analysis of resources in vary, but also in-depth interviews with the NGO's practicing personnels and subject experts, and also the intensive observations of task-processing are required for the knowledge acquisition.

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The purposes of this study are to examine the influences of appraisal and reward on the activities of knowledge management and to search the strategies for effective appraisal and reward system to activate the knowledge management. The results of covariance structural analyses indicate that appraisal has a significant direct effect on reward and knowledge creation as well as a significant indirect effect on knowledge sharing via reward and knowledge creation. Reward has a significant direct influence on knowledge sharing. Knowledge creation also significantly affects knowledge sharing. Based on the results, the potential implications of effective appraisal and reward system to activate the knowledge management are discussed.

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The current technological revolution pushes forward the innovation in the library information systems. This study proposes functional requirements and an architectural reference model of Semantic Library, recognized as a prototype of next-generation library information systems, that is a seamless convergence of the library information systems and the Internet technologies. Semantic Library can realize semantic interoperability and integration based on ontology and metadata, and also renovate information services for users with openness, sharing, participation and collaboration. Semantic Library will be effectively implemented by means of service-oriented architecture and the logical structure of FRBR. In this study, a reference model of Semantic Library consisting of 6 horizontal layers and 3 vertical elements is presented as a next-generation model of library information systems.

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Due to the radical changes of information technology, it becomes indispensable for educators and students of university to learn how to use copyrighted works ethically and legally without violating the copyright law. As a result, academic libraries need to take responsibilities to inform them fair use criteria and to provide proper fair use guidelines. This study analysed various fair use guidelines for them and copyright law to identify key areas of fair use guideline for the academic libraries. It also investigated 10 university libraries' web sites to find that the identified key areas are delivered to the educators and students.

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This study aims to identify copyright issues regarding the knowledge content currently circulated through knowledge exchange markets in the Republic of Korea. The content providers of knowledge exchange markets comprise government & public institutions, full-text database companies, publishers and individuals. It is worth noting that commercial trade of copyrighted content or material among academic journals, database companies and knowledge exchange markets essentially exclude individual authors who are the actual copyright holders. In principle, the original author owns the copyright whether it has an explicit notice or not. Unless the author/owner officially agrees to transfer the copyright including the right for so-called "derivative works", content-making based or derived from the copyrighted material, digitalization of the copyrighted work as well as its registration on full-text database and circulation through knowledge markets are illegal.

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This study proposes additional service pages for users, researchers, institutions to activate academic institutional repository which captures, disseminates, and manages various academic resources, i.e. theses, dissertations, journal articles, research reports, and so on. The research methods include literature study, case study, and site analysis on the current homepages of Ewha Womans University faculties & institutions. As a result, components and functions of additional service pages such as researchers' pages are suggested. Additional service pages will be made it possible for researchers to submit their products willingly and for academic institutional repositories to activate their services and improve content recruitment in the end.

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This paper examines copyright problems of government works which take up a considerable part of public records. The provisions related to government works of the copyright laws of United States and United Kingdom are examined for the purpose of comparison with similar provisions in copyright act of Korea. The copyright act of Korea protects more strongly government works than U.K and U.S. therefore is an obstacle for use of the works. Also websites of governments and national archives are examined for their copyright policies in the process of service of government works. This paper found that the copyright policies of Korean governments' official websites and the National Archives and Records Service limits free use of government works. This study proposed that the provision of definition for government works need to be added to the copyright act of Korea and the provision 7 should be revised. And open access license V.2 which developed by Korean government should be applied to government works.

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This study aims to present a new approach to measuring the economic value of the public libraries, identifying and suggesting the modified contingent valuation method (CVM) application. The modified CVM, which applied Dissonance Minimizing (DM) format, is presented as a new approach. A cost-benefit analysis is used as a tool to determine if the benefits of public libraries outweigh the cost incurred in providing the services. The benefits of public libraries are based on estimates of how much the user is willing to pay for the library services and costs are based on the prices of providing the services. A comparison between two methods are conducted in a case study in order to measure the economic value of 'J Public Library'. The study also conducts a case study to analyse the WTP value of the 'J Public Library' and demonstrates how public libraries approach the their local studies.

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XML documents format on the Web provides a mechanism to impose their content and logical structure information. Therefore, an XML processor provides access to their content and strucure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of structural hints in the leaf node language model-based XML document retrieval. In order to this purpose, this experiment tested the performances of the leaf node language model-based XML retrieval system to compare the queries for a topic containing only content-only constraints and both content constrains and structure constraints. A newly designed and implemented leaf node language model-based XML retrieval system was used. And we participated in the ad-hoc track of INEX 2005 and conducted an experiment using a large-scale XML test collection provided by INEX 2005.

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With the advent of social networking activity on the Internet, online community sites are becoming more popular. The main purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the influence of intermediary trust and system trust on the forum activity trust and information quality satisfaction. We assume that the intermediary trust and system trust come from the online community site itself, while the forum activity is made within a specific forum allowed on the online community site, and therefore forum activity trust and information quality satisfaction are related to a specific forum. The 591 valid questionnaire data were gathered from the users acting in forums allowed on the Samsung Economic Research Institute (SERI) (www.seri.org). The empirical results are as follows. First, the SERI intermediary trust and its system trust have positive influence on the SERI forum information quality system quality, and perceived effectiveness. Second, the SERI intermediary trust contributes to reducing the SERI forum perceived risks, while the SERI system quality does not. Third, the higher the SERI intermediary trust is, the higher the SERI forum trust and information quality satisfaction increase.

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This paper studies the problem of classifying documents with labeled and unlabeled learning data, especially with regards to using document similarity features. The problem of using unlabeled data is practically important because in many information systems obtaining training labels is expensive, while large quantities of unlabeled documents are readily available. There are two steps in general semi-supervised learning algorithm. First, it trains a classifier using the available labeled documents, and classifies the unlabeled documents. Then, it trains a new classifier using all the training documents which were labeled either manually or automatically. We suggested two types of semi-supervised learning algorithm with regards to using document similarity features. The one is one step semi-supervised learning which is using unlabeled documents only to generate document similarity features. And the other is two step semi-supervised learning which is using unlabeled documents as learning examples as well as similarity features. Experimental results, obtained using support vector machines and naive Bayes classifier, show that we can get improved performance with small labeled and large unlabeled documents then the performance of supervised learning which uses labeled-only data. When considering the efficiency of a classifier system, the one step semi-supervised learning algorithm which is suggested in this study could be a good solution for improving classification performance with unlabeled documents.

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Nowadays the information environment enables users to access the traditional library collection as well as various digital information resources. In this rapidly changing environment, the use of digital information resources such as web sites, data, and homepages has increased. In this research, highly-cited authors' research outcomes as well as the research outcomes of the people, who cited the highly-cited authors' works, were extracted then compared with information stored in the medical colleges' digital libraries and the academic information portals in the clinical medicine area by using the citation information provided by Essential Science Indicators from ISI Web of Knowledge. Out of 10,000 authors, 146 people's homepages, which present research outcomes, were analyzed. The research outcomes listed in the homepages included journal papers, monographs, conference proceedings, and lecture notes. About 15% of the journal papers, 32% of the monographs, 48% of the conference proceedings, and 100% of lecture notes were accessible only through the homepages. The research outcomes accessible from the homepages were almost analogous to the ones available through the medical college's digital libraries and the academic information portals. Therefore, the digital library collection will be improved and expanded quantitatively and qualitatively by collecting and using the information in the homepages of the prestigious researchers.

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This study presents an effective word sense disambiguation model that does not require manual sense tagging process by automatically tagging the right sense using a machine-readable dictionary, and attempts to classify the senses of those words using a classifier built from the training data. The automatic tagging technique was implemnted by the dictionary information-based and the collocation co-occurrence-based methods. The dictionary information-based method that applied multiple feature selection showed the tagging accuracy of 70.06%, and the collocation co-occurrence-based method 56.33%. The sense classifier using the dictionary information-based tagging method showed the classification accuracy of 68.11%, and that using the collocation co-occurrence-based tagging method 62.09%. The combined tagging method applying data fusion technique achieved a greater performance of 76.09% resulting in the classification accuracy of 76.16%.

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In order to design a web-based English Article Submission & Management System for science and technology research papers, Elsevier Editorial System and KISTI-ACOMS, international and domestic models--respectively--are studied and analysed. Through this analysis, a web-based paper submission and review system which can be applied to Ocean Science Journal, a research journal in the field of Oceanography, is developed. The web-based system is not only able to solve problems such as complex manuscript management, delays in the reviewing process, and loss of manuscripts that occur often in off-line paper review processes, but also is able to construct the basis for e-journal electronic publication. As a result, an effective and rapid scholarly communication environment can be made. The development and utilization of this system can improve the reputation and the globalization of science and technology research journals.

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Abstract

Due to the radical changes of information technology, it becomes indispensable for educators and students of university to learn how to use copyrighted works ethically and legally without violating the copyright law. As a result, academic libraries need to take responsibilities to inform them fair use criteria and to provide proper fair use guidelines. This study analysed various fair use guidelines for them and copyright law to identify key areas of fair use guideline for the academic libraries. It also investigated 10 university libraries' web sites to find that the identified key areas are delivered to the educators and students.

Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management