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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

Vol.23 No.4

초록보기
Abstract

The Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) is a “conceptual model of the bibliographic universe” developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). Although some studies have suggested improvements in FRBR, and others explore alternative approaches, less attention has been paid to analyzing the internal coherence and consistency of the FRBR view as presented not only in the FRBR entity-relationship model and text of the FRBR document, but also in the related explanations and presentations of FRBR expositors. Our investigations have noted some interesting discrepancies between the general FRBR approach as presented in various expository documents and the specific account presented in the FRBR ER model and the FRBR document. We see that in one case these discrepancies can be easily remedied by adding additional modeling constructs and assertions, but in another case (the supposed “inheritance” of attributes across the Group 1 entities), there is a substantial difficulty in maintaining a consistent model. We discuss several alternative approaches to enhancing the expressiveness of FRBR in order remedy this problem. We note that none is entirely satisfactory.

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Abstract

Building institutional repositories is known as one of powerful methods for realizing the open access movement. The Korean Education and Research Information Service(KERIS) proposed to organize institutional repositories into a consortium, called "dCollection (Digital Collection)," composed of 62 universities since 2003. The purpose of this study is to investigate the current state of 40 member universities of dCollection using the evaluation model including 4 categories and 39 indicators, and, based on the survey outcomes, to pinpoint the procedural or performance weak points of the dCollection systems in order to find its customized solutions focusing on the improvement of use and self-archiving rates.

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Abstract

The writings frame and various rules based on discourse structure and knowledge-based methods were applied to construct the automatic Ext/Sums (extracts & summaries) system from the straight news in web. The frame contains the slot and facet represented by the role of paragraphs, sentences, and clauses in news and the rules determining the type of slot. Rearrangement like Unification, separation, and synthesis of the candidate sentences to summary, maintaining the coherence of meanings, were also used the rules derived from similar degree measurement, syntactic information, discourse structure, and knowledge-based methods and the context plots defined with the syntactic/semantic signature of noun and verb and category of verb suffix. The critic sentence were tried to insert into summary

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Abstract

The access to literary works, including fictions, has focused on descriptive elements, and the subject access has been confined to denotative elements such as the subject matter, name of character and geographical name, etc, which appear in the work. This practice will not lead to the essence of subject of fiction, and does not reflect the demand of users for the subject who pursue aesthetic experience. In this study, concepts of symbol and motif and their possibility to be used as subject access point are considered to enhance a subject access scheme. In addition, this study tries to build the scheme of symbol and motif by using the glossary as the source of information. The composed schemes are applied to 20th century Korean fictions and its usability and limits are discussed.

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Abstract

Life science is one of the most important fields which have direct influence on human life. Many domestic life scientists in the industries, educational organizations and research institutes have been producing important results in a variety of forms such as papers, research notes, presentation materials, books and teaching materials. Open Archiving Community has been constructed in order to share and exchange research information related to life science between researchers. The domestic life scientists can acquire valuable information through the community quickly and efficiently. In this study, the community system has been designed and implemented to provide free access to all data including metadata registry of the bibliographic information on life science and research results accumulated by researchers of their own accord. The community system also has been designed and implemented based on Web 2.0 and provides users with BBS by subjects.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to measure economic value of full-text information services in order to determine whether it is worth for libraries to invest a large amount of money in constructing database to begin with. The study applied an contingent valuation method to measure its economic value. The imaginary scenarios are designed for estimation the value of Non-market-goods, estimation in advance and experts investigation are needed for rising the confidence level, double-bounded dichotomous choice is chosen in question method. The use value, which one user is willing to pay for domestic monograph full-text information services, was 836 won per one monograph. And, the annual non-use value was 236 won. The total annual economic value of all the students was 831 billion won.

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Abstract

This study analyzed the user behaviors of the electronic journal users and the influences of service quality of electronic journals on the customer satisfactions, customer loyalty, and frequency of visit to the library building. Approximately 60 percent of users prefer e-journal to printed formats. Service quality of electronic journal was measured by four dimensions: reliability of service, convenience of service, public relations, and user instructions. 100 faculty members and 267 graduate school students were surveyed using questionnaires. It was concluded that each dimensions of service quality positively influenced on the customer satisfactions, and customer satisfaction positively influenced on loyalty, and negatively on frequency of visit to the library building.

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Abstract

This paper reports an effort to construct a grand-scale Korean thesaurus that can be used for enhancing retrieval performance in various fields. This thesaurus is currently being used for indexing and retrieving purpose and new terms are being added to it. As the new demands on retrieval performance increase in Korea, developing a grand-scale ontology appears to be necessary so a project is undertaken to transfer the current thesaurus into an ontology system. The paper describes how the thesaurus is constructed and prepared to be the base for an ontology system.

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Abstract

National Knowledge and Information Resources of KADO(Korea Agency for Digital Opportunity and Promotion) were distributed to the several data centers. The metadata for the resources was the conceptual level recommended standard. It was not for the integration, but the retrieval. So it is not easy to integrate to the central metadata DB or connect metadata among the data centers. In this paper, we analysed the metadata of the several data centers and provided the integrated standard model for the central metadata DB.

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Abstract

This study proposes an expanded model of personalized search service based on community activities on a Korean Web portal. The model is composed of defining subject categories of users, providing personalized search results, and recommending additional subject categories and queries. Several experiments were performed to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed model. It was found that users’ activities on community services provide valuable data for identifying their interests, and the personalized search service increases users’ satisfaction.

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Abstract

A Web-based environment has very various and heterogeneous users. The emphasis on their individual characteristics may make it hard to reach the general understanding of how they seek and use information on the Web. The purpose of this study is to find common patterns in information seeking behavior on the Web by analyzing a series of cognitive movement of users in interaction with the Web. Based on Dervin’s concept and Timeline interview methodology, this study collected 37 Web experience descriptions from 21 respondents, which consisted of 302 steps. Findings addressed that Web information seeking behavior can be classified into seven types: Starting, Searching, Viewing/Browsing, Examining/Comparing, Finding/Compiling, Deciding/Acting, and Ending. Movement paths in the seven-type information seeking process showed that user’s interaction with the Web was repeated and circulated at the Viewing/Browsing step and that information seeking behavior on the Web was multi-directional and non-linear.

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Abstract

Recently there are many bibliometric studies attempting to utilize Pathfinder networks(PFNets) for examining and analyzing the intellectual structure of a scholarly field. Pathfinder network scaling has many advantages over traditional multidimensional scaling, including its ability to represent local details as well as global intellectual structure. However there are some limitations in PFNets including very high time complexity. And Pathfinder network scaling cannot be combined with cluster analysis, which has been combined well with traditional multidimensional scaling method. In this paper, a new method named as Parallel Nearest Neighbor Clustering (PNNC) are proposed for complementing those weak points of PFNets. Comparing the clustering performance with traditional hierarchical agglomerative clustering methods shows that PNNC is not only a complement to PFNets but also a fast and powerful clustering method for organizing informations.

초록보기
Abstract

To understand the use of the ebooks among undergraduate students, a questionnaire was devised and collected data from 466 respondents. The level of ebook and its service awareness appears to be low, and only about 30% of the students have used ebooks in the past. Students access ebooks primarily through the library homepage. 73% of the users read 3 ebooks and below. The subject and area of reading is fairly spread, however literary works and genre fiction were most popular. And the purpose is split into academic and private reading. Most of the users lack of knowledge about additional functions. Overall satisfaction level is low. Discomfort and ebooks illiteracy constitute the major reasons of nonuse, however about 88% of the nonusers show willingness to use in the future. According to the interview, active users are familiar with the screen reading as well as perceived advantages of ebooks. Nontheless, their satisfaction level is still low. Based on the results, recommendations for creating awareness, education, production development and service evaluation are suggested to promote the ebooks use.

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Abstract

This article describes a new proposal that is aimed at the development of the integrated portal model of digital library. For this purpose, some of definitional issues for library portal are reviewed. And then, some of the more significant examples of library portals are scanned, with comments on major features that constitute the basic requirements of library portal development. Nextly, a new proposal of library portal model and basic components of search/participation services which can be defined as a integrated library services is presented.

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Abstract

This paper examines a level of categorization performance in a reallife collection of abstract articles in the fields of science and technology, and tests the optimal size of documents per category in a training set using a kNN classifier. The corpus is built by choosing categories that hold more than 2,556 documents first, and then 2,556 documents per category are randomly selected. It is further divided into eight subsets of different size of training documents: each set is randomly selected to build training documents ranging from 20 documents (Tr20) to 2,000 documents (Tr2000) per category. The categorization performances of the 8 subsets are compared. The average performance of the eight subsets is 30% in F1 measure which is relatively poor compared to the findings of previous studies. The experimental results suggest that among the eight subsets the Tr100 appears to be the most optimal size for training a kNN classifier. In addition, the correctness of subject categories assigned to the training sets is probed by manually reclassifying the training sets in order to support the above conclusion by establishing a relation between and the correctness and categorization performance.

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Abstract

Sharing knowledge is an important factor in the discourses on the knowledge management on the campus. This article analyzed the impact of organizational context on faculty's perceptions of knowledge-sharing capabilities in the university. As a result, perceptions of knowledge-sharing capabilities and performance-based reward systems were found to significantly affect faculty knowledge-sharing capabilities in the university studied. Also, results from multivariate analysis showed that the faculty's perception of knowledge-sharing more significantly affected knowledge-sharing than reward system.

초록보기
Abstract

New concept of bibliographic data and its scheme are needed to accommodate a change resulting from the emergence of new forms of electronic publishing, and the advent of networked access to information resources. FRBR model was developed for defining functions performed by the bibliographic data with respect to various media, various applications, and various user needs. Several institutions including OCLC and RLG or vendors have tried to implement the FRBR on OPAC systems. The purpose of this study is to propose the strategies for developing bibliographic interface based the FRBR model. This study is to review the representative FRBRized systems and compare the systems regarding on search interface and display interface.

Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management