본 연구는 이용자 중심 웹 정보탐색 분야의 실체이론을 분석함으로써 웹 정보탐색행위 영역의 통합이론 구축 가능성을 검토하고자 한다. 실체이론은 웹 이용자의 정보탐색행위를 설명하는 변인들 간의 유의한 관계를 밝히거나 이용자 행위를 일반화한 연구결과로 정의되었다. 1995년부터 2005년 사이에 네 종의 학술지에 출판된 이용자 중심의 웹 정보탐색 연구는 총 42편이었고, 이 중에서 10편이 실체이론 개발에 기여하였다. 분석결과, 13개의 종속변인과 10개의 독립변인이 다루어졌고 이 중 22개의 관계가 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 실체이론의 대부분은 이용자의 개별적 차이에 초점을 두고 각기 다른 속성을 갖는 이용자의 웹 정보탐색행위를 설명하고자 하였으며, 이용자 행위의 일부 측면(검색행위, 탐색시간 등)만을 다루는 것이 특징이었다. 분석결과를 바탕으로 통합이론 구축을 위한 시사점이 제안되었다.
This study aims to analyze substantive theories in user studies on Web-based information seeking in order to explore the implications of building a unified theory in this field. Substantive theory is defined as research which generalized user behaviors during information seeking on the Web or suggested significant relationships between variables in Web-based information seeking context. The sample of research articles were published in four core journals from 1995 to 2005. Among 42 articles of user-based information seeking on the Web, ten articles were contributed to the development of substantive theories. Findings show that substantive theories used thirteen dependent and ten independent variables and 22 relationships were considered as significant. They have a tendency to focus on individual differences of users and on some specific narrow aspects(i.e. searching or searching time) of user behaviors. Findings suggested a range of implications for a unified theory construction.
(2004a). 문헌정보학 이론의 효율성과 활용성 연구. , -.
(2004b). 웹 정보탐색행위 모형의 비교 분석 연구.. 21(2), 211-233.
(2003.). 이론정보학-정보이론의 분석적 연구. , -.
(2002). Bounded rationality and satisficing in young people's Web-based decision making. 53(1), 16-27.
(2004). Use of the world wide web for international travel Integrating the construct of uncertainty in information seeking and the task-technology fit Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 55(8), 731-742.
(2002). Issues of context of in information retrieval An introduction to the special issue. Information Processing and Management. 38(5), 605-611.
(m.s.1986). Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. , 3-33.
(2004). Seeking information in order to produce information An empirical study at Hewlett Packard labs Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 55(9), 807-817.
(2003). A comparison of youngsters' use of CD-ROM and the Internet as information resources Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 54(11), 1029-1049.
(2004). Re-appraising information seeking behavior in a digital environment Journal of Document. 60(1), 24-43.
(2004). Investigation of information encountering in the controlled research environment. 40(6), 1013-1025.
A .L. 1967. The Discovery of Grounded Theory Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago. , -.
(j.1986). A conceptual framework for theory building in library and information science. , 227-242.
(2003). Search disclosure: Understanding digital information platform preference and location in a health environment. 59(5), 523-539.
(2004). Accessability and use of information sources among computer scientists and software engineers in Israel Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 55(9), 832-842.
(2002). Beyond logs and surveys: in-depth measures of peoples' web use skills. 53(14), 1239-1244.
Research on Web search behavior. , 167-185.
(2004). Bring human information behaviour into information systems research an application of systems modeling. 9(4), -.
(2005). How users assess web pages for information seeking Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 56(4), 327-344.
(204). Placing the Internet in information source horizons A study of information seeking by Internet users in the context of self-development. , 415-433.
(2001). Information seeking on the Web effects of user and task variables. 23(3), 233-255.
(2002). Gender differences in collaborative Web searching behavior. 38(3), 427-433.
(2004). Perceptions of credibility of scholarly information on the web. 40(6), 1027-1038.
(2001). Information-seeking behavior and use of social science faculty studying stateless nations. 23(1), 5-25.
(2004). On the web at home Information seeking and web searching in the home environment Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 55(8), 743-753.
(1996). Modeling interaction in information retrieval A review and proposal. In S. Hardin Proceedings of the 59th ASIS Annual Meeting. , 3-9.
(2001). Living encyclopedia or idle talk? Seeking and providing consumer information in an Internet newsgroup. 23(1), 67-90.
(1997). Internetworking an urban community a longitudinal study of approaches to introducing adult new users to electronic information resources. 19(3), 249-264.
(2001). The effect of extrinsic motivation on user behavior in a collaborative information finding system Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 52(11), 879-887.
(2003). Internet search approaches: the influence of age, serch goals, and experience. 25(4), 403-418.
(2004). Multitasking information behavior and information task switching: an exploratory study. 60(4), 336-351.
(2003). A social judgement analysis of information source preference profiles An exploratory study to empirically represent media selection patterns Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 54(9), 879-904.
(2005). How experts and novices search the Web. 27(2), 222-248.
(2000). User's interaction with World Wide Web resources: an exploratory study using a holistic approach. 36(2), 229-251.
(m.2001). Health discussions on the Internet a study of knowledge communication. , 305-317.
(2002.). Traditional IR for web users a context for general audience digital libraries.. 38(5), 627-648.