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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

이용자 중심의 시스템 디자인 방법론에 대한 개략 및 이용자 모델 제시

Incorporating Users into System Design Processes: Overview and a Proposed User Model

정보관리학회지, (P)1013-0799; (E)2586-2073
2005, v.22 no.4, pp.23-38
https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2005.22.4.023
주보령 (Louisiana State Univ.)

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초록

이용자를 시스템 디자인 과정에 적극적으로 참여하는 것이 유용한 정보 시스템의 디자인을 성공시키는 필수요소이다. 본 논문에서는 이용자 중심의 시스템 디자인에 관한 대표적인 방법론을 조사하고, 그 조사결과에 따라 최적의 이용자 모델을 제안하였다. 최적의 정보시스템을 설계하기 위해 실제 이용자들이 자신들의 정보요구를 만족시키기 위해 어떠한 정보를 필요로 하는지와 그들이 수립하는 일련의 정보전략을 분석하였다. 본 연구에서 사용한 분석기법은 더빈의 Sense-Making 이론에서 사용한 Sense-Making Timeline 인터뷰이다. 특히 이 연구에서 제시된 이용자 모델은 이 연구에서 사용된 소프트웨어가 본래 가지고 있던 메뉴 배열순서와는 상이한 절차(timeline)를 보여주고 있다. 궁극적으로 본 연구에서는 장래에 수행되어질 시스템 디자인과 그 평가에 적용시킬 수 있기 위해, 이용자 모델수립에 필요한 개발과정의 단계들을 제시하였다.

Abstract

In order to make interactive computing systems, including information systems, usable it is important to bring users into the design process. This article surveys and introduces several major system design approaches that are widely accepted as approaches from a users' perspective. A user model developed by the author is introduced following these existing approaches. This user model is developed from actual users' understanding of their goals and strategies to solve their information needs by using Dervin's Sense-Making Theory with Sense-Making Timeline Interviews. This user model reveals a different timeline from the default menu presentation orders that originally comes with the software. Steps for developing a user model from the Sense-Making Timeline Interviews are suggested for further application and guidelines in developing user models for system design and evaluation.

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정보관리학회지