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  • P-ISSN1013-0799
  • E-ISSN2586-2073

Vol.21 No.4

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Abstract

A literature analysis for the planning and realization of the multimedia meta database and digital library's integrated information system was carried out to establish the various oceanographic resources in the Oceanographic Information Center, the first in Korea. The study targeted from printed matter, network resources, full-text and to VOD. The focus of the analysis lies in the providing practical integrated information retrieval service for oceanographic resources based on the framework of effective MODS metadata with network resources description. The analyses included oceanographic resources, multimedia information processing, MODS metadata descriptive elements, metadata classification, system organization, and retrieval for planning and implementation of the multimedia meta database system.

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In this study, the experiment was made to transform the relationship among terms in a thesaurus to ontology language as search tools for multilingual text. As a result, the equivalent relationship in the thesaurus can be expressed by different ways in the ontology, such as equivalentClass, equivalentProperty, sameAS, and so on. On the other hand, the associative relationship can be represented by ObjectProperty, DatatypeProperty, and inverseOf. For this test, first of all, the descriptors assigned by AAT and the descriptors from bilingual thesaurus by ICCD were translated into Korean. Then, the facet was used for conceptual equivalence among terms from different languages. The result of the study showed that using rdf:Property in ontology was the most effective way of transforming multilingual thesaurus into ontology.

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As the Internet becomes a part of the infrastructure of the world, so will the process of creating useful digital libraries become an important part of our society. Previous generations of Internet were focused mainly on the technology. Today the focus has shifted to searching information usefully over the intelligent Digital Library. However the tension between new technologies and daily information needs was never resolved but was significantly noted by many researches. Recent findings show us to gain some feeling for the balancing act in information systems between technological and sociological factors. They shows that consideration in sociology is needed for the sound deployment after installation of digital library systems. This study focused on the importance of effects of non-technical factors for the new DL service period. Experiences and documents in the first generation DL period were scrutinized and analysed systematically. As a result, we find new idea, socio-technical approaches to the new DL services.

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Information skill, which means information technology skill and information handling skill, is related to the aims and processes of higher education as a knowledge creation activity. In this study, a curriculum design is proposed for the development of the information literate student. The framework of this curriculum derives form the US Information literacy standards for higher education 2000, the UK Information skills in higher education 2004, and Australian and New Zealand Information literacy framework 2004. The teaching plan and content is based on the information literacy programs of NMSU, CSU Hayward, and IUE. It is proposed that the development of the idea of information literacy requires a collaborative and integrated approach to curriculum design and delivery based on investigation of user's satisfaction with the curriculum.

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This study analyzes the present conditions and operations of digital information rooms in the five selected university libraries located in Daegu and Kyoungpook area, with a special regard to the personnel, size of the room, facilities, collections, user instructions and public relations, and related tasks being done. It concludes with some suggestions and recommendations to improve the existing practices and the works in the room based on the result from this study.

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As there are diverse delivery media and forms of information resources, their management schemes are diverse as well. In library community, cataloguing rules for describing information resources such as AACR and KCR have been developed. The efforts to automate management of information resources based on these rules resulted in the development of MARC. However, MARC records are restricted in describing the information resources and MARC has various and distinct characteristics of the structural rigidity, which does not support the representation of extended semantic structures that exist among bibliographic entities. Therefore, since the data model for MARC is single-layer data model, it is not appropriate for describing information resources represented by multi-layer data model which can be used to set up the relationships among various objects in digital libraries. In this paper, we propose an a metadata model for digital libraries based on the IFLA FRBR basic model which supports multi-layer data model and a representation scheme based on XML Schema to manage the metadata about old books, old documents, resource related to music, conferences and seminars.

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As the Internet facilitates the rapid increase of information availability, the study on SDI service that provides users with relevant document in a timely manner has been developed. However, the practical use of this service has been low. This thesis aims at analyzing the reasons for this and developing relevance feedback based SDI system to improve the performance of the existing SDI system. Experimental systems that are developed for this study are SDI system based on users' minimum intervention feedback, SDI system based on perfect automation feedback, and SDI system based on users' maximum intervention feedback. The fourth system that utilizes the traditional SDI system is also studied to evaluate the level of performance improvement of the newly developed three types of SDI system. As a result of this study, SDI system based on users' maximum intervention feedback showed greatest performance improvement. The next performance improvement happened in order of SDI system based on perfect automation feedback, SDI system based on users' minimum intervention feedback, and the traditional SDI system. Feedback based systems showed greater performance improvement as they went through more feedback processes.

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The measurement of information system (IS) effectiveness is critical to understanding of the value and efficacy of IS actions and IS investments. In this paper, we propose a new model of the user satisfaction index for ISs and present the user satisfaction index which is measured by the proposed model. Based on the representative theories and models in the field of marketing and IS, we propose a new user satisfaction index model and verify the new model through the analysis of structural equation model. The proposed model consists of four basic dimensions: information quality, service quality, systems quality, and user satisfaction. Also, users' royalty and complaint are adopted as the additional dimension in this model. Data was collected from the ITFIND users to measure their satisfaction index. We, then, suggest some strategic guidelines for the better ITFIND which may useful when the system designers consider upgrading of the system in the future.

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Abstract

Fast and high-quality document clustering algorithms play an important role in providing data exploration by organizing large amounts of information into a small number of meaningful clusters. Many papers have shown that the hierarchical clustering method takes good-performance, but is limited because of its quadratic time complexity. In contrast, with a large number of variables, K-means has a time complexity that is linear in the number of documents, but is thought to produce inferior clusters. In this paper, Condor system using K-Means algorithm Compares with regular method that the initial centroids have been established in advance, our method performance has been improved a lot.

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In this study, aesthetic impressions were used for a high-level feature of image retrieval. The term, “aesthetic" has been studied in psychology, art, and literature. It means unconscious, instantaneous parts of visual perception and emotion. The literatures related to aesthetic impressions were reviewed and four kinds of aesthetic impressions were defined operationally: strong impression, soft impression, courteous impression, and refined impression. 66 image files of paintings were sampled randomly from 1100 paintings and low-level color features were extracted from them by a using perceptual color model(Lai, & Tait, 1998). The high-level features of an image, that is, four kinds of aesthetic impressions of each painting were measured by 4 subjects and averaged. In CBIR, 2 subjects performed image retrievals using example queries. They were asked to retrieve images by using the aesthetic impressions or the keywords. In evaluations, subjects showed that they were satisfied with the aesthetic impression-based image retrieval system on the average. And R-precision of the image retrieval with both color features and aesthetic impressions was higher than that of the image retrieval with color features only. But further studies with larger test collections and query sets should be followed for generalization of the result of this study.

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The purpose of this study is to examine the current state of illegal distribution of literary works on internet cafes and homepages, and figure out how to protect the rights of copyright holders. For this study, examined were the cafes and menus of homepages of major Websites on the Internet, where illegal copying and delivery of literary works could happen. For each Website, the volumes of the entire collection, the number of literary works held, the maximum and average number of transactions were investigated, and literary works categorized according to genres were analyzed. The result shows that the strict legislation and regulation by government or copyright organizations could hinder the positive distribution of awareness about the copyright; but, still strongly needed is the promotion and education of the importance of copyright to help the public understand better. Providers of portal services should take a proper step to strengthen the training of and systematic support for copyright-related issues for both operators and users of cafes and homepages on Websites.

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Abstract

Book numbers can be defined as the device for providing a unique self location for each book. They should include main entry which consists of author, title, the date of publication. Now, the university libraries are using eleven different methods on book numbers, in other words, nine eastern methods and two western methods. The aim of this study is to investigate problems that the present book number system has and some concerns that should be taken into account in case of the modification of the book number system and change into a new one. This study is based on the survey in that the librarian gave to 110 university libraries throughout the nation. As a result, the survey indicates that the crucial concerns of the participathing libraries are ineffective book management and the duplication of book numbers. In addition, the survey indicates that the priorities of the libraries is removing duplicated numbers, adhering to the current system, and keeping the same book arrangement system. Therefore, this study suggests the components for the expansion of the book number system and the necessity of standardization of diverse book numbers.

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Abstract

For question-answering system, question analysis module finds the question points from user’s natural language questions, classifies the question types, and extracts some useful information for answer. This paper proposes a question type classifying technique based on focus words extracted from questions and word semantic information, instead of complicated rules or huge knowledge resources. It also shows how to find the question type without focus words, and how useful the synonym or postfix information to enhance the performance of classifying module.

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This study is to research quintessence of information service in the libraries by interpreting ‘Information' as it is ubiquitous. For the purpose, it investigates and analyzes information behaviors of the libraries in information-cultural history. The meaning of ‘ubiquitous' is understood as a practice that everything we need should be inherent in our lives for its usefulness and effectiveness. Information is intrinsic in our lives and the libraries, information management systems, have been evolved by extending the intrinsic value of information, ‘ubiquity'. Human being's history results from information behaviors and the meaning of the libraries consists of production, accumulation, organization and distribution of the libraries. It should be recognized that the ultimate purpose of the library services is for their users. Consequently information systems and technological networks in the libraries should be focused on applications and inherence for the purpose. Model studies of the libraries should be developed to user-centered information services that substantialize the interpretation of information, as it is ubiquitous. This study is a trial for defining the quintessence of the libraries. Furthermore, it provides foundation of understanding what the libraries are.

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Association measures are applied to various applications, including information retrieval and data mining. Each association measure is subject to a close examination to its tendency to prefer high or low frequency level because it has a significant impact on the performance of applications. This paper examines the frequency level preference(FLP) tendency of some popular association measures using artificially generated cooccurrence data, and evaluates the results. After that, a method of how to adjust the FLP tendency of major association measures such as cosine coefficient is proposed. This method is tested on the cooccurrence-based query expansion in information retrieval and the result can be regarded as promising the usefulness of the method. Based on these results of analysis and experiment, implications for related disciplines are identified.

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Abstract

Information cultural is the compound of the physical and spirit livelihood mode in the knowledge and information age. They are the livelihood mode including obtained knowledge, belief, technology, and behaviour and so on shared members of the special boundary of land. The 21st century called people is the age to create the new added value of information and cultural. Thus information cultural is becoming the global. This study aims to propose model on the information cultural creating processes for information cultural magnification based on theory and the necessaries for the undertaking of a work in the side global.

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Abstract

The study examined 131 icons that appeared in major Web sites for the use of children. Out of 131 icons, 66 icons were selected as core icons by calculating the number of their occurrence in the same category. The 66 icons were examined to find out whether they meet the evaluation criteria. And also 66 icons were presented to the children to find out whether they immediately recognize the meaning of each icons. Finally, the study investigated to find out the correlations between the results of evaluations by criteria and the results of the children's recognitions of meaning of each icons. As a results of the study, it presented 16 icons that were proved to be appropriate for the use of children.

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Abstract

In this knowledge-based society of this age, librarianship takes a professional position and requires essential principles of ethics that has to be observed. Therefore, library associations and professional communities all over the world have released criteria and code of ethics to make their professional positions to keep. This research investigated and analyzed the codes of ethics for librarians in United States, Great Britain, Japan, and South Korea which are based on the mission of each library of each country. Based on these analysis and comparison, this research proposed more advanced codes of ethics for South Korea. The proposed model of codes of ethics consists of two parts: ethics for information and ethics for professional positions. The ethics for information contains six essential elements: equal access and services for information, denial of inspection, protection of privacy, neutralization of librarian, and security of intellectual freedom. The ethics for professional positions consists of 8 essential aspects: exclusion of personal benefit, continuous efforts for developing knowledge, keep the professional position, conflicts between professional task and organization, relationship with co-workers, ensure the conditions of rights and welfare for employees, cooperations among libraries, and contribution for creation of new culture.

Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management