Along with the increased use of e-journal since mid of 1990's, there has been a sharp increase of license contracting in the library. However the librarians who have no enough knowledge nor technology to handle the licensing are experiencing difficulties in the process. The study intended to help them understand the practical problems of license contracting between library and vendors, and proposed guidelines for developing model license for e-journal based on the licensing principles of IFLA and ALA.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the identity and relationship of library and information science by exploring theoretical aspects of LIS research, including theory building and theory use. The sample of this study consists of 1,661 research articles published from 1984 to 2003 in two Korean and two American core LIS journals. Theory articles are analyzed with two scales, such as '4-degree of theory efficiency' and '5-degree of theory use.' Each article is coded in terms of journal, country, publication year, subfield, and methodology of the article, and affiliation, department, and research experience of the first author. The theories used therein are coded according to their origin and age. Also, an author co-citation technique is applied to represent intellectual structure on a two-dimensional map, which has been constructed by theory use of LIS authors for 20 years.
The title page of a book is a reliable source, since it, together with its verso, usually contains all bibliographically significant data. Generally, the title page is a page at the beginning of a book giving its title and the names of the author and publisher. Prescribing a source of information from which data elements should be derived is a way of specifying how an entity can represent itself. In simpler times, when bibliographic entities were for the most part books published in Western countries, the choice of source was obviously the title page, the "face of the book".
This study is to develop a hiararchic clustering model for document classification and browsing in OPAC systems. Two automatic indexing techniques (with and without controlled terms), two term weighting methods (based on term frequency and binary weight), five similarity coefficients (Dice, Jaccard, Pearson, Cosine, and Squared Euclidean), and three hierarchic clustering algorithms (Between Average Linkage, Within Average Linkage, and Complete Linkage method) were tested on the document collection of 175 books and theses on library and information science. The best document clusters resulted from the Between Average Linkage or Complete Linkage method with Jaccard or Dice coefficient on the automatic indexing with controlled terms in binary vector. The clusters from Between Average Linkage with Jaccard has more likely decimal classification structure.
Given Korea does not have a competitive edge compared to developed or other competing countries in national information and knowledge resource, it is necessary to consider ways to ensure the best out of the limited resource. It is believed that Korea has to develop a national information policy which enables effective and efficient communication, management and availability of information resource within Korea. In order to ensure the strategic integration of information and knowledge resource in Korea, this research encompasses the followings: First, the needs for establishing a strategic system that helps ensure the integration of information and knowledge resource on national level are probed, Second, current status of national information and knowledge management policy is reviewed, and some problems are brought forward, Third, to resolve the problems a strategic approach to the integration of information resource according to material types and individual institution's characteristics is proposed, for effective allocation of government budget. And, finally, based on the findings and models proposed, a national information strategy to integrate the dispersed information resource is suggested.
This study aims at understanding in detail the process of constructing database from outsourced cataloging by investigating the actual conditions of university libraries nationwide regarding the outsourcing of cataloging processing that are being carried out in technical processing. And librarians' opinions about the cataloging inserted by outsourcing companies are considered and revised in depth. Also the degree of understanding of outsourcing company staffs regarding the cataloging is investigated then compared to that of library processing staffs and the difference is analyzed.Coupled with that, degree of understanding about CIP of National Library of Korea and functionality of reference cataloging of Korea Education & Research Information Service(KERIS) is investigated, thus the future directions to which technical processing of library should move forward are presented.
This study examines coverage and coverage overlap of the three major Korean web directories, Naver, Yahoo Korea, and Empas. This study also suggests a methodology for collecting and processing web sites provided by these web directories. A method for mapping main categories was developed. Each directory provided registered web pages in a slightly different way. Reference links had a significant influence on the coverage of each web directory. The overlap of pages among three directories was quite low. It is expected that this study could contribute to the field of web research by providing insights to how directories provide web pages and suggesting a methodology for the analysis of directory coverage.
Recently there has been a growing interest in the investigation and development of the next generation web - the Semantic Web. From the perspective of a information science, the next generation web - Semantic Web is a metadata initiative. It is reason that One of important stage of Semantic Web Construction is adding formal metadata that describes a Web resource's content and so people can find easy material using metadata. In this paper, We designed new application profile metadata architecture as a way to serve as interoperability between various open digital libraries using different information architecture in Semantic Web environment. Based on new application profile metadata architecture, we developed union catalog automatic generation and union search algorithm to integrate heterogeneous huge-scale metadata in open digital library.
This study examines the concept of knowledge and knowledge management. Then, it analyzes some factors for successful knowledge management in terms of trust, communication channels, decision making participation, innovativeness, shared value, and CKO support. The suggestions of the study can be used to establish knowledge management in organizations.
This study aims to collect and manage in the step of creation metadata information to effectively manage and use official document which is a typical and normal records. To do it, data elements are extracted through analyzing structure of official document format. And we also select metadata elements reflecting creation background, publisher's intention, characteristic of official documents through evaluating and comparing extracted elements with data elements defined in ISAD rules. It would be draft data in constructing standardized metadata structure for records in Korea.